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  1. The frequent association between primary headaches and psychiatric disorders is consistently reported in the literature. There is increasing evidence that a bi–directional relationship links these somatic cond...

    Authors: C. Gentili, P. Panicucci and M. Guazzelli
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:226
  2. A relationship between migraine and patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been observed in relatively small series of patients so far. Furthermore, the exact mechanism underlying such an association remains unknown. ...

    Authors: G. Dalla Volta, M. Guindani, P. Zavarise, S. Griffini, A. Pezzini and A. Padovani
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:223
  3. The authors discuss clinical and international experience about botulinum toxins (BTX types A and B) in headache treatment. Data from literature suggest good results for the treatment of tensiontype headache, ...

    Authors: M. Porta and M. Camerlingo
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:222
  4. The cost–benefit and the risk–benefit ratios are two of the most relevant items in ongoing health organisation procedures. The choice of a new or an old therapeutic treatment depends on a number of factors and...

    Authors: L. A. Pini, M. M. Cainazzo and D. Brovia
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:219
  5. Medication–overuse headache (MOH) is one of the headache forms that most frequently prompts patients to consult a specialist headache centre. The prevaence of this form in the general population is approximate...

    Authors: G. Sances, N. Ghiotto, M. Loi, E. Guaschino, E. Marchioni, T. Catarci and G. Nappi
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:216
  6. Headache, and in particular migraine, is a common disturbance in childhood and adolescence. The disabling nature of headache, evident in the adult, together with its effects on family life and reduction in per...

    Authors: G. Mazzotta, B. Gallai, A. Mattioni, F. Floridi, F. Foti, M. Allegretti and R. D’Angelo
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:207
  7. Headache occurs in a large proportion of young students. In this study we evaluated the incidence of headache in young people, examined associated factors and described the drug therapy used. A structured ques...

    Authors: L. Gallelli, R. Iannacchero, E. De Caro, F. Peltrone, M. Colosimo and G. De Sarro
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:206
  8. Clinical observations show that migraine attacks have a seasonal, menstrual and circadian timing, suggesting a role of chronobiological mechanisms and their alterations in the disease, but little experimental ...

    Authors: S. Gori, N. Morelli, M. Maestri, M. Fabbrini, E. Bonanni and L. Murri
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:201
  9. The aim of the study was to estimate the occurrence of mood, anxiety and disability disorders in 300 patients affected by chronic daily headache and MOH, who were observed for a 16–month period in our centre. ...

    Authors: S. De Filippis, E. Salvatori, G. Coloprisco and P. Martelletti
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:199
  10. In this study we compared systemic autonomic involvement in episodic cluster headache during active and silent periods. Seventeen patients were studied with sympathetic skin response, lying to standing test, V...

    Authors: Piero Meineri, Gianpaolo Pellegrino, Maria Gabriella Rosso and Enzo Grasso
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:196
  11. We present a computerised programme designed for use in the office of a general practitioner. The system provides an assisted diagnosis according to the ICHD–II criteria for the principal forms of primary head...

    Authors: F. Mainardi, F. Maggioni, F. Dainese and G. Zanchin
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:187
  12. We tested the computerised, structured medical record by entering and analysing the consecutive clinical sheets of primary headaches in the episodic forms (200) and chronic headache (200) and the corresponding...

    Authors: P. Sarchielli, M. Pedini, A. Alberti, A. Baldi, I. Corbelli and P. Calabresi
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:186
  13. Migraine without aura (MO) and migraine with aura (MA) are disorders involving multiple environmental and genetic factors. The A/G polymorphism located within exon 1 of the gene encoding the cytotoxic T lympho...

    Authors: P. Lulli, S. Trabace, M. Morellini, G. Cicciarelli, G. Coloprisco, M. Piane, S. De Filippis, P.G. Santi, O. Avramakou, E. Ferlicca and P. Martelletti
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:181
  14. Most women with migraine improve during pregnancy. Some women have their first attack. Migraine often recurs postpartum and can begin for the first time. Drugs are commonly used during pregnancy despite insuff...

    Authors: Stephen D. Silberstein
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:176
  15. Unruptured cerebral arterial aneurysms most often remain asymptomatic, but they may cause headache or other symptoms or signs. We describe herewith a case of headache attributed to an unruptured nternal caroti...

    Authors: M. Vikelis, M. Xifaras, G. Magoufis, G. Gekas and D. D. Mitsikostas
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:172
  16. A 66–year–old man suffered from a drug–resistant, leftsided headache with autonomic signs, triggered by the supine position. The acromegalic facies initially suggested a possible increase in basal plasma level...

    Authors: N. Marzocchi, M. M. Cainazzo, D. Catellani and L. A. Pini
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:170
  17. The aim of this prospective, randomised, double–blind study was to evaluate the efficacy of intramuscular (IM) tramadol 100 mg in emergency department treatment of acute migraine attack and to compare it with ...

    Authors: Z. Engindeniz, C. Demircan, N. Karli, E. Armagan, M. Bulut, T. Aydin and M. Zarifoglu
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:169
  18. The objective was to determine the frequency of headache subtypes, according to International Headache Society (IHS) criteria, in a population of children below 6 years visiting a Center for Diagnosis and Trea...

    Authors: V. Raieli, M. Eliseo, E. Pandolfi, M. La Vecchia, G. La Franca, D. Puma and D. Ragusa
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:168
  19. The objective was to identify the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of a large sample of patients with migraine in Mexico City. This cross–sectional study was performed in two tertiary centers in M...

    Authors: J. F. Téllez–Zenteno, G. García–Ramos, F. Zermeño–Pöhls and A. Velazquez
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:167
  20. We assessed demographics, diagnoses, course, severity, impact and treatment of primary headache outpatients from records in the Headache and Pain Clinic, Neurological Department, Zürich University Hospital. Al...

    Authors: S. Kozak*, A. R. Gantenbein*, H. Isler, K. R. Merikangas, J. Angst, A. Gamma and R. Agosti
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:166
  21. Migraine is a complex patholophysiology in which both central and peripheral components of the trigeminal pain pathway probably play a significant role, both in the symptoms and signs of the attack and in the ...

    Authors: M. G. Buzzi and M. A. Moskowitz
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:165
  22. Oral triptans are effective and well tolerated acute treatments for migraine, but clinical differences between them are small and difficult to measure in conventional clinical trials. Patient preference assess...

    Authors: A. J. Dowson, S. J. Tepper and C. Dahlöf
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:164
  23. B.D. is a 48–year–old professional woman. She has been suffering for migraine since she was 28, but she did not have serious problems until last year, when headache episodes became more frequent and it was nec...

    Authors: S. de Filippis, E. Salvatori, A. Bozzao, L. M. Fantozzi and P. Martelletti
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:159
  24. Headache, and migraine in particular, is the main neurological reason for consultation. We present the case of a 48–year–old woman who experienced a transformation of her episodic migraine attacks into daily h...

    Authors: J. Pascual and C. Leno
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:158
  25. Cluster headache (CH) is a well characterized primary headache disorder. Nevertheless, symptomatic CH has been reported in association with various underlying diseases. Symptomatic cluster headache related to ...

    Authors: F. Maggioni, F. Dainese, F. Mainardi, C. Lisotto and G. Zanchin
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:157
  26. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of oral sumatriptan (100 mg) in patients who self–reported with menstrually related migraine. A prospective, multicentre, randomised, double–blind, p...

    Authors: A. J. Dowson, H. Massiou and S. K. Aurora
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:156
  27. In this study we evaluated the presence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in a cohort of 25 consecutive patients suffering from migraine with aura (MA) during an attack presenting to the emergency ward of an Itali...

    Authors: G. Ferrarini, G. Malferrari, R. Zucco, O. Gaddi, M. Norina and L.. A.. Pini
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:154
  28. For more than a century neurogenic inflammation has been proposed to have a role in various human diseases. The present review will cover the conceptual steps of the itinerary that has led to the conclusion th...

    Authors: P. Geppetti, J. G. Capone, M. Trevisani, P. Nicoletti, G. Zagli and M. R. Tola
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:153
  29. The objective is to present training on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) prepared by the Disability Italian Network (DIN) and to present strategies of ICF disseminat...

    Authors: M. Leonardi*, J. Bickenbach, A. Raggi, M. Sala, P. Guzzon, M. R. Valsecchi, G. Fusaro, E. Russo, C. Francescutti, U. Nocentini and A. Martinuzzi
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:173
  30. Chronic migraine management almost always requires daily oral preventative medication with potential adverse effects. Daily oral preventative therapy may also not be effective in terminating chronic migraine. ...

    Authors: J. A. Charles and S. Jotkowitz
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:148
  31. The objective was to investigate possible psychosocial factors in chronic daily headache (HA) by comparing those with chronic daily HA to matched patients with chronic episodic HA and to matched non–HA control...

    Authors: L K. Barton-Donovan and E. B. Blanchard
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:147
  32. The objective is to identify the pathogenesis of each autonomic manifestation in cluster headache (CH). Through a deductive statistics method (factor analysis) we analysed the type of autonomic symptoms report...

    Authors: R. Gil Gouveia, E. Parreira and I. Pavão Martins
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:146
  33. The results obtained by percutaneous cervical cordotomy (PCC) were analysed in 43 terminally ill cancer patients treated in our institution from 1998 to 2001. We wished to determine whether there is still a pl...

    Authors: B. J. P. Crul, L. M. Blok, J. van Egmond and R. T. M. van Dongen
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:145
  34. This study aimed to gain insight into the management of migraine and chronic daily headache (CDH) from the patients’ perspective. This article outlines the patients’ perceptions of migraine and chronic daily h...

    Authors: M. Peters, H. Huijer Abu-Saad, V. Vydelingum, A. Dowson and M. Murphy
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:144
  35. The aim is to deepen our understanding of headache by three approaches. First, by trying to feel patients’ total experience by eliciting their symptoms in detail, and from their reactions to these experiences....

    Authors: J. N. Blau
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:143
  36. Cluster headache (CH) is a rare but severe headache disorder characterised by repeated unilateral head pain attacks accompanied by ipsilateral autonomic features. In episodic CH, there are periods of headache ...

    Authors: I. Favier, J. Haan and M. D. Ferrari
    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2005 6:142