Skip to main content
  • Poster presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

Neurocognitive function declines are reversible following migraine headache in college students


Computerized testing of neurocognitive function yields an accurate and reliable assessment [1]. There is little research on short-term effects of migraine headaches on neurocognitive function or their cognitive recovery patterns[2].


The purpose of this study was to investigate neurocognitive function and recovery patterns in college students who incur migraine headaches compared to college students who do not.


Volunteers (ages 18-29) completed computerized neurocognitive baseline (B) testing. Forty-four migraineurs incurring a migraine (M) were matched to 44 non-migraine (NM) controls for sex, age and education level. Verbal and visual memory, processing speed and reaction time were measured at 24 hours, 48 hours and 7 days post migraine.


Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed declines in neurocognitive function of migraineurs in verbal memory [mean diff(md)(24hr-B) M=-1.59±7.82,NM=1.19±7.69; =.045], visual memory [md (24hr-B)M=-4.70 +15.61, NM=3.05+10.94; p=.041), and reaction time [md(24hr-B)M=.02±.09, NM=-.01±.04.


  1. Iverson GL, Lovell MR, Collins MW: Validity of ImPACT for measuring attention and processing speed following sports-related concussion. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 2005, 27: 683–689. 10.1081/13803390490918435

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Farmer K, Cady R, Bleiberg J, Reeves D: A pilot study to measure cognitive efficiency during migraine. Headache 2001, 40: 657–661.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Moore, M., Covassin, T., Pfeiffer, K. et al. Neurocognitive function declines are reversible following migraine headache in college students. J Headache Pain 14 (Suppl 1), P74 (2013).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: