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Table 5 Prevalences (%) of probable migraine and probable TTH by age and gender, and as proportions (%) of all (probable + definite) migraine and TTH

From: The global prevalence of headache: an update, with analysis of the influences of methodological factors on prevalence estimates

Gender/age (years) Probable migraine Probable TTH Total migraine (pMig+dMig) Total TTH (pTTH+dTTH) pMig as % of total migraine pTTH as % of total TTH
N Mean 95% CI N Mean 95% CI N Mean 95% CI N Mean 95% CI
Both genders
 0–9 0 0 0   
 10–19 13 10.5 7.0–14.4 8 14.0 9.5–19.8 13 20.3 14.3–26.4 8 29.2 19.3–45.1 52 48
 20–64 44 8.4 6.6–10.2 24 9.0 6.5–11.9 44 19.4 16.5–22.5 24 29.4 24.6–34.4 43 31
 ≥65 2 3.1 2 6.6 4.3–8.9 2 6.8 2 20.6 46 32
 All ages 59 8.7 7.1–10.4 34 10.0 7.7–12.6 59 19.2 16.7–21.7 34 28.9 24.4–34.2 45 35
Males
 0–9 0 0 0 0   
 10–19 5 9.1 5.4–12.9 3 9.8 5 18.0 12.6–24.0 3 18.9 51 52
 20–64 21 5.7 4.0–7.7 8 8.8 2.9–15.6 21 12.1 9.6–14.6 8 29.6 19.7–38.0 47 30
 ≥65 1 3.7 1 4.3 1 5.1 1 28.1 73 15
 All ages 27 6.3 4.7–8.0 12 8.6 4.6–13.3 27 12.9 10.5–15.3 12 26.8 20.6–33.5 49 32
Females
 0–9 0 0 0 0   
 10–19 5 13.4 7.8–18.5 3 11.3 7.2–16.9 5 26.0 20.0–34.2 3 21.7 21.2–22.4 52 52
 20–64 22 8.9 6.6–11.2 8 9.4 3.8–16.6 22 24.2 20.7–27.9 8 35.1 22.8–47.8 37 27
 ≥65 1 8.0 1 4.3 1 16.0 1 36.3 50 12
 All ages 28 9.7 7.6–11.7 12 9.4 5.3–14.6 28 24.2 21.2–27.4 12 31.8 23.6–40.4 40 30
  1. N number of studies, TTH tension-type headache, CI confidence interval (not given when N ≤ 5), pMig probable migraine, dMig definite migraine, pTTH probable TTH, dTTH definite TTH