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Table 1 Prevalence (%) of active headache disorder by type, age (mid-range values of studies) and gender

From: The global prevalence of headache: an update, with analysis of the influences of methodological factors on prevalence estimates

Gender/age (years) Headache Migraine TTH H15+
  N Mean (median) 95% CI N Mean (median) 95% CI N Mean (median) 95% CI N Mean (median) 95% CI
Both genders
 0–9 10 42.7 30.6–55.4 12 5.0 3.6–6.5 4 5.9 1.3–12.8 0
 10–19 60 57.9 52.0–63.9 61 13.4 11.4–15.6 40 25.1 18.8–31.6 14 3.3 2.3–4.0
 20–64 107 50.2 46.0–54.8 165 15.2 13.8–16.6 65 27.6 24.0–31.3 43 5.1 4.2–6.2
  ≥ 65 6 40.2 30.0–50.6 6 7.9 4.9–10.3 1 32.2 2 4.2  
 All ages 183 52.0 (53.5) 48.9–55.4 244 14.0 (11.6) 12.9–15.2 110 26.0 (21.4) 22.7–29.5 59 4.6 (3.6) 3.9–5.5
Males
 0–9 2 40.4 11 4.7 3.3–6.1 4 5.4 0
 10–19 39 51.4 43.8–58.6 36 10.2 8.4–12.2 16 25.5 16.2–35.5 6 1.4 0.7–2.2
 20–64 71 41.8 36.5–47.6 128 8.7 7.6–9.8 43 24.2 18. 7–30.0 33 3.2 2.4–4.3
  ≥ 65 5 27.8 5 4.5 1 28.1 2 2.2
 All ages 117 44.4 (46.2) 40.3–48.3 180 8.6 (7.4) 7.8–9.5 64 23.4 (17.9) 19.4–28.0 41 2.9 (1.9) 2.2–3.8
Females
 0–9 2 41.5 11 5.6 3.9–7.3 4 6.4 0
 10–19 38 62.3 55.0–69.0 37 15.3 12.7–18.1 17 27.1 17.7–37.2 6 3.1 1.4–4.7
 20–64 74 56.5 51.4–61.4 131 18.6 17.0–20.5 44 28.8 23.2–35.4 33 6.6 5.2–8.0
  ≥ 65 5 50.4 5 10.6 1 36.3 2 5.8
 All ages 119 57.8 (60.0) 53.9–61.7 184 17.0 (15.5) 15.6–18.5 66 27.1 (21.0) 22.7–32.3 41 6.0 (5.2) 4.9–7.4
  1. N number of studies, TTH tension-type headache, H15+ headache on ≥15 days/month, CI confidence interval (not given when N ≤ 5), SD standard deviation