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Table 1 GBD2019: Top level-3 causes of global disability (expressed as years lived with disability [YLDs]) by gender and age (data from [3, 4])

From: Migraine remains second among the world’s causes of disability, and first among young women: findings from GBD2019

Gender Age range (years) Rank Cause % of total YLDs [uncertainty interval]
Both All 1 Low back pain 7.4 [6.2–8.7]
2 Depressive disorders 5.5 [4.3–6.8]
3 Headache disorders 5.4 [1.1–10.6]
15–49 1 Headache disorders 8.0 [1.6–15.7]
2 Low back pain 7.6 [6.1–9.3]
3 Depressive disorders 7.3 [5.7–9.2]
Male All 1 Low back pain 7.0 [5.8–8.2
2 Age-related hearing loss 5.2 [4.3–6.4]
3 Diabetes 4.9 [4.2–5.7]
4 Depressive disorders 4.7 [3.7–5.9]
5 Headache disorders 4.6 [1.0–9.0]
15–49 1 Low back pain 7.8 [6.3–9.6]
2 Headache disorders 7.0 [1.5–13.8]
3 Depressive disorders 6.6 [5.2–8.3]
Female All 1 Low back pain 7.7 [6.5–9.2]
2 Gynaecological diseases 6.2 [5.1–7.3]
3 Headache disorders 6.0 [1.2–12.0]
4 Depressive disorders 6.0 [4.8–7.5]
15–49 1 Gynaecological diseases 10.7 [8.7–12.9]
2 Headache disorders 8.7 [1.6–16.2]
3 Depressive disorder 7.8 [6.0–9.9]