Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic information of participants and its association with the outcome of the ID-Migraine™ test (N = 1268)

From: Impact of migraine on workplace productivity and monetary loss: a study of employees in banking sector in Malaysia

   ID-Migraine™ Migraine screening outcome   Multivariable logistic regressiona
OR (95% CI)
  n(%)  
Overall Positive for migraine
(n = 598)
Negative for migraine
(n = 670)
p-value Positive vs. negative for migraine
Socio demographics
Age group (years)
 19–30 286 (22.6) 132 (46.2) 154 (53.8)   1.42 (0.91–2.2003)
 31–40 503 (39.7) 253 (50.3) 250 (49.7) 0.033 1.61 (1.07–2.44)*
 41–50 353 (27.8) 168 (47.6) 185 (52.4)   1.40 (0.91–2.16)
  > 50 126 (9.9) 45 (35.7) 81 (64.3)   Reference
Gender
 Male 356 (28.1) 133 (37.4) 223 (62.6) p < 0.001 Reference
 Female 912 (71.9) 465 (51.0) 447 (49.0)   1.69 (1.30–2.19)***
Ethnicity
 Malay 644 (50.8) 342 (53.1) 302 (46.9)   Reference
 Chinese 465 (36.7) 170 (36.6) 295 (63.4) p < 0.001 0.54 (0.42–0.69)***
 Indian 106 (8.4) 58 (54.7) 48 (45.3)   1.207 (0.79–1.84)
 Others 53 (4.2) 28 (52.8) 25 (47.2)   1.029 (0.58–1.81)
Occupation type
 Administration and Management 662 (52.2) 309 (46.7) 353 (53.3)   
 Sales, Marketing and Customer Service 225 (17.7) 101 (44.9) 124 (55.1)   
 Information Technology and Technical 138 (10.9) 69 (50.0) 69 (50.0) 0.815  
 Banking and Finance 147 (11.6) 70 (47.6) 77 (52.4)   
 Others 96 (7.6) 49 (51.0) 47 (49.0)   
Monthly salary (MYR) a
  < 3999 229 (18.4) 111 (48.5) 118 (51.5)   
 4000–6999 397 (31.9) 188 (47.4) 209 (52.6) 0.939  
 7000–9999 314 (25.2) 144 (45.9) 170 (54.1)   
  ≥ 10,000 306 (24.6) 146 (47.7) 160 (52.3)   
Anthropometric measurement
 Height (cm) (mean ± SD) 161.7 ± 8.8 161.5 ± 8.4 162.1 ± 9.0 0.240b  
 Weight (kg)(mean ± SD) 66.1 ± 14.7 66.2 ± 15.1 65.9 ± 14.4 0.652b  
 BMI (mean ± SD) 25.2 ± 5.1 25.3 ± 5.1 25.1 ± 5.1 0.162 b  
BMI category
 Underweight (< 18.5) 61 (4.8) 36 (59.0) 25 (41.0)   
 Normal (18.6–25.0) 647 (51.0) 289 (44.7) 358 (55.3) 0.108  
 Overweight (25.01–29.99) 385 (30.4) 184 (47.8) 201 (52.2)   
 Obese (≥30.0) 175 (13.8) 89 (50.9) 86 (49.1)   
Physical Activity
IPAQ Level
 Low 707 (55.8) 327 (46.3) 380 (53.7) 0.426  
 Moderate 537 (42.4) 262 (48.8) 275 (51.2)   
 High 24 (1.9) 9 (37.5) 15 (62.5)   
  1. *p < 0,05, *** p < 0.001
  2. Hosmer-Lemeshow test, chi square: 8.837, p-value: 0.265; Nagelkerke R square: 0.066
  3. aNumber of participants responded to monthly salary is only 1246
  4. bMann-Whitney test