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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with stroke compare to controls

From: Sentinel headache as a warning symptom of ischemic stroke

CharacteristicsPatients with stroke (n = 550)Controls (n = 192)Р,OR, 95% CI
Mean age63.158.70.1
Males, n (%)298 (54.2%)69 (35.9%)< 0.001; 2.1; 1.5–3.0
Smokers, n (%)236 (42.9%)45 (23.4%)< 0.001; 2.5; 1.7–3.6
Low alcohol beverage, n (%)45 (8.2%)11 (5.7%)0.3
Strong alcohol beverage, n (%)118 (21.5%)18 (9.4%)< 0.001; 1.5; 0.7–2.9
Arterial hypertension, n (%)514 (93.5%)108 (56.3%)< 0.001; 7.1–17.3
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)84 (15.3%)14 (7.3%)0.007; 2.3; 1.3–4.1
Hyperglycemia, n (%)206 (37.5%)26 (13.5%)< 0.001; 3.8; 2.4–6.0
Atrial fibrillation, n (%)85 (15.5%)7 (3.6%)< 0.001; 4.8; 2.2–10.6
Body mass index > 25, n (%)373 (67.8%)118 (61.5%)0.1
Low physical activity, n (%)207 (37.6%)28 (14.6%)< 0.001; 3.5; 2.3–5.5
Stroke in first degree relatives n (%)207 (37.6%)48 (15.0%)0.002; 1.8; 1.3–2.6
Peripheral artery disease, n (%)13 (2.3%)1 (0.5%)0.2
Hypercholesterinemia, n (%)230 (41.8%)55 (28.6%)0.002; 1.8; 1.3–2.6
Angina pectoris, n (%)149 (27.1%)18 (9.4%)< 0.001; 3.6; 2.1–6.0
Myocardial infarction, n (%)53 (9.6%)7 (3.6%)0.01; 2.8; 1.2–6.3
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