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Table 2 Aggression in migraine patients compared with healthy controls

From: Aggression and its association with suicidality in migraine patients: a case-control study

  Mean ± SD (range)
Migraine patients EM CM Healthy controls
(n = 144) (n = 88) (n = 56) (n = 144)
Overall AQ 48.9 ± 12.6 (31–105)a 45.3 ± 10.3 (31–76) 54.6 ± 13.8 (33–105)b 45.8 ± 8.5 (27–71)
 Physical aggression 13.6 ± 4.2 (9–33) 12.7 ± 3.2 (9–26) 15.2 ± 5.0 (9–33)a 13.6 ± 3.6 (9–25)
 Verbal aggression 9.9 ± 3.2 (5–20) 9.6 ± 3.2 (5–19) 10.3 ± 3.1 (5–20) 9.9 ± 2.7 (5–20)
 Anger 11.6 ± 4.0 (5–24)b 10.3 ± 3.3 (5–22) 13.6 ± 4.3 (6–24)b 10.2 ± 2.6 (5–16)
 Hostility 13.7 ± 5.2 (8–35)b 12.7 ± 4.3 (8–30) 15.4 ± 6.0 (8–35)b 12.2 ± 2.7 (8–22)
  1. EM episodic migraine, CM chronic migraine, AQ Aggression questionnaire
  2. Student’s t-test was conducted for the comparison between migraine patients and controls, aP < 0.05, bP < 0.01