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Table 2 The clinical presentations of Cardiac ischemia

From: Cardiac cephalalgia: one case with cortical hypoperfusion in headaches and literature review

Source Sex/Age Risk Factors Symptoms of Cardiac ischemia Cardiac Enzyme ECG Stress Test DSA
Grace, 1997 [1] M/59 None None NA T inversion in anterolateral leads ST depression RCA occlusion, LAD 70% stenosis
Lipton, 1997 [31] M/57 Smoking Vague abdominal, chest discomfort NA Flattened T in V2, AVL. Inverted T in V5. Biphasic T waves in V3, V4, V6 ST depression in II, III, aVF and V4-6 Severe three-vessel disease
  M/67 Hypertension, Smoking None NA Sinus bradycardia and a possible old inferior wall myocardial infarct ST depression in inferolateral leads Three-vessel disease with 90% LCX stenosis
Lance, 1998 [32] M/62 Hyperlipidemia, Smoking Tightness in the right side chest NA NA ST depression in V4-V6 LAD and RCA occlusion
Lanza, 2000 [3] M/65 Hyperlipidemia, Smoking None Elevate Normal T peaking in V2-V4 leads RCA occlusion, LAD and LCX 90% stenosis
Amendo, 2001 [6] F/78 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension None Elevate ST elevation in I, aVL NA Severe triple vessel disease
  F/77 None None Elevate T inversion across the precordium NA Normal coronary arteries
Rambihar, 2001 [33] F/56 None None NA NA ST depression in I, II, AVF, V4-6 leads LM 40% stenosis, 90% LCX 90%, stenosis, LAD 99% stenosis
Auer, 2001 [34] M/47 Hyperlipidemia, Smoking NA NA ST elevation in I, aVL; ST depression in II, III, aVF NA Biopsy: LAD occlusion, RCA 80% stenosis
Martínez, 2002 [35] F/68 Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes, Smoking None NA T inversion in V2, V3, and V4. ST depression in anterior, lateral, and septal Three-vessel occlusive disease.
Famularo, 2002 [36] M/70 Hypertension, Smoking Midepigastric pain Elevate ST elevation in II. III, aVF NA Not performed
Morlote, 2002 [37] M/59 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension Chest discomfort, diaphoresis. NA ST depression NA NA
Source Sex/Age Risk Factors Symptoms of Cardiac ischemia Cardiac Enzyme ECG Stress Test DSA
Sathirapanya, 2004 [38] M/58 Smoking Chest tightness NA ST elevation in V1-3 NA LM 50% stenosis, LAD occlusion, 1st OM 70% stenosis, RCX occlusion
Chen, 2004 [39] M/76 Hypertension Chest pain NA T inversion in I, aVL ST depression in II, III, aVF LAD 90% stenosis, RCA 50% stenosis
Korantzopoulos, 2005 [40] F/73 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Obesity None Elevate ST depression in V2-V5 NA LAD 70% stenosis
Cutrer, 2006 [5] M/53 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Smoking, Obesity None NA NA Negative RCA occlusion, LAD 60% stenosis
Morlote, 2006 [41] F/74 Diabetes, Obesity Chest tightness Evaluate ST depression in V1-V4 NA Not performed
  F/64 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Diabetes None Not performed Not performed Not performed Not performed
Seow, 2007 [42] M/35 Smoking None Evaluate ST evaluate in V2 to V4 NA LAD occlusion
Broner, 2007 [43] F/72 Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes None Evaluate ST evaluate in II, III, aVF NA RCA occlusion, LAD 30% stenosis
Wei, 2008 [28] M/36 Smoking Ventricular fibrillation with cardiac arrest NA ST evaluate in V2 to V6 NA LAD 90% stenosis
  F/85 None Chest pain NA NA NA NA
Wang, 2008 [29] F/81 Hypertension Loss consciousness, ventricular fibrillation. NA ST evaluate in II, III, aVF NA RCX 99% stenosis
Source Sex/Age   Symptoms of Cardiac ischemia Cardiac Enzyme ECG Stress Test DSA
Dalzell, 2009 [44] F/44 Smoking None NA ST evaluate in II, III, aVF NA RCA occlusion
Sendovski, 2009 [45] F/65 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, None Evaluate ST depression at lateral wall and a mild ST elevation at precordial leads. NA LAD 70% stenosis, LCX 95% stenosis, RCA 80% stenosis, RPD 90% stenosis
Chatzizisis, 2010 [46] M/42 Diabetes None Evaluate ST depression and invert T in V2-V5 NA LAD occlusion
Yang, 2010 [4] F/44 None Chest discomfort, epigastric pain NA Normal ST depression Vasospasm of the right coronary artery in response to an intra-arterial injection of acetylcholine
Costopoulos, 2011 [47] M/55 Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension, Smoking, Diabetes Breathlessness Evaluate Widespread ST segment depression NA Triple-vessel disease
Elgharably, 2013 [48] M/55 Smoking None Evaluate Q wave in III, aVF NA Significant lesion with thrombus in LAD
Asvestas, 2014 [49] M/86 Hypertension, Smoking None Evaluate ST depression in V1-V5, ST elevation in V7-V9 NA LCX occlusion, LAD and RCA severe stenosis
Mathew, 2014 [50] M/42 Hypertension Palpitations, shortness of breath NA NA NA LAD 99% stenosis
Prakash, 2015 [51] M/67 Smoking NA NA Q in II, III, aVF. ST depression in inferior leads. RCA 90% stenosis, LAD 75% stenosis, LCX 70% stenosis
Huang, 2016 [52] F/70 Hypertension, Smoking None Evaluate ST elevation in V2-V6 NA Significant stenosis with intramural thrombus of LAD.
Shankar, 2016 [53] M/73 Diabetes Chest pain NA Normal ST depression in inferior leads. Triple-vessel disease
Current case M/40 Smoking Chest discomfort, palpitations Normal Inverted T wave Not performed Triple-vessel disease