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Table 3 Prevalences of depression and anxiety in the sample, overall, by gender and by headache type

From: Headache, depression and anxiety: associations in the Eurolight project

  Prevalences (%) [95 % CI]
Depression Anxiety Depression + anxiety
All (N = 6624) 5.6 [5.0–6.2] 14.3 [13.7–15.1] 3.8 [3.3–4.3]
Gender
Male (n = 2969) 4.9 [4.1–5.7] 9.9 [8.8–11.0] 2.9 [2.3–3.5]
Female (n = 3655) 6.1 [5.3–6.9] 17.8 [16.6–19.0] 4.6 [3.9–5.3]
Headache type
No headache (n = 1271) 3.5 [2.5–4.5] 6.1 [4.8–7.4] 1.7 [1.0–2.4]
Migraine (n = 2375) 6.9 [5.9–7.9] 19.1 [17.5–20.7] 5.1 [4.2–6.0]
TTH (n = 2613) 4.5 [3.7–5.3] 12.1 [10.9–13.4] 3.0 [2.3–3.7]
pMOH (n = 201) 16.9 [11.7–22.1] 38.8 [32.1–45.5] 14.4 [9.5–19.3]
Other headache on ≥15 d/m (n = 164) 3.6 [0.8–6.4] 12.1 [7.1–17.1] 1.8 [0–3.8]
  1. TTH tension-type headache, pMOH probable medication-overuse headache, d/m days/month