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Table 3 Clinical characteristics of primary stabbing headache by ICHD-3 beta criteria at initial visit according to the pain location between trigeminal and cervical areas

From: Field testing primary stabbing headache criteria according to the 3rd beta edition of International Classification of Headache Disorders: a clinic-based study

  Trigeminal areaa
N = 55
Cervical areab
N = 225
P-value
Gender    
         Male 23 (41.8 %) 80 (35.5 %) 0.388
         Female 32 (58.9 %) 145 (64.5 %)
Age 49.5 ± 13.4 51.8 ± 13.2 0.968
Visual analog scale for pain intensity 4.4 ± 1.6 4.7 ± 1.6 0.787
Improvement at follow-up 43 (97.8 %) 188 (97.9 %) 0.937
Mean duration of improvement (days) among respondersc 3.8 ± 3.2 3.4 ± 2.7 0.145
Preceding infection 5 (10.9 %) 16 (7.1 %) 0.617
Stressful event history 6 (6.8 %) 55 (24.4 %) 0.029
Allodynia 14 (25.4 %) 39 (17.3 %) 0.168
  1. aV1, V2 and V3 dermatomes
  2. bLesser occipital nerve, greater occipital nerve, great auricular nerve, and multiple dermatomes. One patient with multiple dermatomes, including V1 region, were included
  3. c44 out of 55 patients with pain at trigeminal area and 192 out of 225 patients with pain at cervical area were followed at 2 weeks after initial visit, respectively
  4. ICHD-3 beta: the third beta edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders