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Table 1 Clinical findings in our study of three cases with short-lasting trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia

From: Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with ispilateral facial flushing is a new variant of paroxysmal extreme pain disorder

  Patient 1, Patient 2, Patient 3,
Female Female Male
Severity of the pain Moderate or severe Moderate or severe Mild to severe
Location of the pain Unilateral, mainly left-sided forehead, temple and retro-orbital region Unilateral forehead, temple and retro-orbital region At the beginning bilateral orbital pain, immediately changed to ipsilateral frontal and temporal headache, mainly right-sided
Duration of attacks 20-90 s 20-90 s About 1 min
Frequency of attacks during the 3 days of admission 19 times; 17 times during sleep, and four times during the daytime nap. 19 times 3 times
Ipsilateral autonomic features    
Conjunctival injection + ?* -
Lacrimation + + -†
Nasal congestion + + -
Rhinorrhea + + -
Eyelid edema - - +‡
Forehead and facial sweating - - -
Forehead and facial flushing + + +
Sensation of fullness in the ear - - -
Miosis - - -∏
Ptosis - - -
Agitation + + +
Premonitory features or auras None None Uncomfortable feeling
  1. *We could not observe this feature because of tight closing of her eyes.
  2. †We observed bilateral lacrimation.
  3. ‡We observed hemifacial edema.
  4. ∏ We observed contralateral miosis one time.