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EHMTI-0371. A new physical sign in migraine 'pointing forehead'

Objectives

This study was designed to compare the presence of seven clinical signs in a group of patients with migraine with that of patients with non-migraine headache.

Background

Migraine is sometimes misdiagnosed. Therefore additional features are useful to improve the diagnostic accuracy of migraine.

Methods

A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in a group of 709 outpatients with headache. The physical signs were named as A-G. These were carefully observed certain gestures exhibited by patients themselves when they describe their headache.

Results

Sign A (pointing right side of the forehead) and sign B (pointing left side of the forehead) were significantly higher in patients with migraine (Sign A positive-123/339, Chi square-15.784, p<0.001; Sign B positive-146/339, Chi square-20.813, p<0.001). Sign F (keeping the head on a table) was significantly higher in patients with non-migraine headache (Sign F positive-132/370, Chi square-12.954, p<0.001). Sign A was more commonly associated with unilateral, severe headache which lasted for a longer period of time. However sign B was more commonly associated with unilateral, severe headache only. Sign C was significant in patients who had bilateral headache in both migraine and non-migraine groups than unilateral headache.

Conclusions

It is concluded that pointing right or left side of forehead when the patient describes his or her headache is a characteristic sign of migraine. Keeping the head on the table during an attack of headache is not a characteristic sign of migraine.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Samarakoon, S., Munasinghe, A. EHMTI-0371. A new physical sign in migraine 'pointing forehead'. J Headache Pain 15, J11 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-J11

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-J11

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Internal Medicine
  • Migraine
  • Clinical Sign
  • Diagnostic Accuracy