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EHMTI-0177. Evidence for plastic brain morphometric changes during the migraine cycle

Background

Neurophysiological investigations have demonstrated that there are distinctive fluctuations in the brain’s electric signals between the ictal and interictal periods of recurrent migraine. Whether structural plasticity of the brain is also an important feature of episodic migraine remains unresolved.

Aim

We therefore investigated the possibility that there are fluctuations over time in whole brain grey matter morphometry of patients affected by episodic migraine without aura (MO).

Method

Twenty-four patients with untreated MO underwent MRI scans (3-Tesla Siemens Verio) during (n = 10) or between attacks (n = 14) and were compared to a group of 15 healthy volunteers (HV). We then performed voxel-based-morphometry (VBM) analysis of structural T1-weighted MRI scans to determine if changes in brain structure were observed over the course of the migraine cycle.

Results

During the interictal phase, MO patients had a significantly lower grey matter (GM) density within the right inferior parietal lobule, right temporal inferior gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and left temporal pole than did HV. During attacks, GM density increased within the left temporal pole, bilateral insula, and right lenticular nuclei, but no areas exhibited decreased GM density.

Conclusion

The morphometric GM changes between ictal and interictal phases reported in the present study suggest that abnormal structural plasticity may be an important mechanism of migraine pathology. Given the functional neuroanatomy of these areas, our findings suggest that migraine is a condition associated with global dysfunction of multisensory integration and memory processing.

No conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to G Coppola.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Coppola, G., Di Renzo, A., Tinelli, E. et al. EHMTI-0177. Evidence for plastic brain morphometric changes during the migraine cycle. J Headache Pain 15, E10 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-S1-E10

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Keywords

  • Migraine
  • Migraine Without Aura
  • Episodic Migraine
  • Multisensory Integration
  • Structural Plasticity