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Table 2 Frequency distribution of patients' pain- related disability according to demographic, behavioral, psychological, and physical characteristics

From: Identifying potential predictors of pain–related disability in Turkish patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder pain

  Low High  
Characteristics n (%) n (%) p value
Gender a    
Male 28 (35.9%) 12 (46.2%) 0.352
Female 50 (64.1%) 14 (53.8%)  
Treatment-seekinga    
No 38 (48.7%) 5 (19.2%) 0.011
Yes 40 (51.3%) 21 (80.8%)  
RDC a    
Muscle 31 (39.7%) 12 (46.2%) 0.820
Disc 15 (19.2%) 5 (19.2%)  
Muscle&disc 32 (41%) 9 (34.6%)  
Depressionb (Mean ± SD) 1.29 ± 0.86 1.89 ± 0.92 0.003
Somatizationb (Mean ± SD) 1.47 ± 0.93 2.08 ± 0.58 0.000
Ageb (Mean ± SD) 32.78 ± 11.12 35.50 ± 8.27 0.256
Pain durationc (Mean ± SD) 25.97 ± 30.22 25.69 ± 24.38 0.258
Jaw disability checklistb (Mean ± SD) 4.69 ± 2.44 7.61 ± 2.60 0.000
CPIb (Mean ± SD) 57.90 ± 18.21 81.02 ± 9.92 0.000
  1. SD, standard deviation; CPI, Characteristic Pain Intensity.
  2. a Statistical evaluation by the chi- square test.
  3. bStatistical evaluation by t test.
  4. cStatistical evaluation by Mann–Whitney U test.