Skip to main content

The MMPI-2 in women with headache or facial pain. A comparative study

Abstract

Our purpose was to apply the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) to groups of women with different types of headache and facial pain. 117 women with tension-type headache (TTH), migraine (M), facial pain disorder as somatoform disorder (FP), myogenous facial pain (MP), or temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ) were given in the Italian version of the MMPI-2. The level of pain was assessed with the visual analogue scale (VAS). A configural analysis of the MMPI profiles was also performed. Data were analysed with one-way ANOVA, chi-square analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficient. FP and TH patients showed the highest scale elevation and TMJ patients the lowest. The TMJ group had the highest prevalence of “coper” configuration and the FP group the lowest. A correlation was found between VAS and MMPI-2 scores for hypochondria, hysteria and paranoia. We conclude that: chronic pain may alter the patient's personality characteristics; patients with facial pain disorder show the highest tendency to neurotism and psychoticism; and in patients with migraine, TTH and MP, the psychological component may vary conspiquously. These factors should be taken into account when selecting the treatment options.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Received: 30 November 1999, Accepted in revised form: 2 August 2000

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mongini, F., Barbalonga, E. & Raviola, F. The MMPI-2 in women with headache or facial pain. A comparative study. J Headache Pain 1, 105–110 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/s101940070050

Download citation

  • Key words MMPI-2
  • Headache
  • Facial pain
  • Personality traits