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Table 3 Non-pain symptoms in MS-Mig and MS-NH groups

From: Migraine is comorbid with multiple sclerosis and associated with a more symptomatic MS course

  MS-NH MS-Mig p OR CI
Optic neuritis* 49% 77% <0.001 2.8 1.2–6.4
Visual problems interfere with reading 22% 32% NS 0.64 0.25–1.7
Brainstem symptoms*,a 27% 53% 0.001 2.4 1.0–5.7
Cognition “definitely affected” 24% 38% 0.039 1.8 0.67–4.9
Depression score (PHQ-9) 4.7 8.2 <0.001 NA NA
Anxiety score (PHQ) 4.1 6.5 <0.001 NA NA
Fatigue severity score 3.6 5.0 <0.001 NA NA
Hours of sleep per night 6.7 6.8 NS NA NA
Epworth sleep scale score* 5.6 8.1 <0.001 NA NA
  1. p < 0.01
  2. aDouble vision, facial weakness, deafness, abnormal taste, vertigo