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  1. Owing to B. Ramazzini’s De morbis artificum diatriba, the 1700s may be considered as the century when occupational medicine was born. This paper considers Ramazzini’s treatise and some publications of the same ce...

    Authors: Giorgio Zanchin, Federico Mainardi, Filippo Dainese and Ferdinando Maggioni

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:86

    Content type: HISTORY OF HEADACHE SECTION

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  2. SUNCT syndrome is a rare condition characterized by a short-lasting periorbital pain associated with autonomic symptoms. In this paper, a 50-year-old man with SUNCT syndrome is presented. Preexisting SUNCT syn...

    Authors: Sebnem Bicakci, Hacer Bozdemir, Yakup Sarica and Gamze Almak

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:84

    Content type: BRIEF REPORT

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  3. Seven oral triptans are available for treating acute migraine. We surveyed US migraine sufferers on the relative importance of treatment attributes for choosing among oral triptans. A multiattribute decision m...

    Authors: Richard B. Lipton, Joshua Liberman, F. Michael Cutrer, Peter J. Goadsby, Michel Ferrari, David W. Dodick, Douglas McCrory and Paul Williams

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:80

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  4. We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to determine the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX; Allergan) in treating frontal tension-type headache (TTH). A total of 40 patients a...

    Authors: Mimi S. Kokoska, Dee A. Glaser, Christine M. Burch and Christopher S. Hollenbeak

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:77

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  5. Several neurophysiological techniques are available for examining children with headache. The choice among them is made according to clinical features.

    Authors: Roberto Canitano and Vincenzo Guidetti

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:75

    Content type: REVIEW

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  6. The widely used term chronic daily headache is a common denominator for a chronic headache with a daily occurrence but is not included in the former and in the revised versions of the IHS classification system...

    Authors: Rigmor Jensen and Lars Bendtsen

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:74

    Content type: REVIEW

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  7. Physicians involved in care of migraine patients should make a considerable effort to educate themselves and their patients. It is fundamental that doctors, patients and their families understand the causes of...

    Authors: Pablo Irimia, Susana de la Riva and Eduardo Martínez-Vila

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:67

    Content type: BRIEF REPORT

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  8. Although the prevalence of headache in the elderly is relevant, until now few studies have been conducted in patients over the age of 65 years. We analyzed the clinical charts of 4,417 consecutive patients ref...

    Authors: C. Lisotto, F. Mainardi, F. Maggioni, F. Dainese and G. Zanchin

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:66

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  9. We describe the electroencephalographic findings in nine pediatric migraineurs during the ictal phase of pain. We observed abnormal patterns on electroencephalography (EEG) in seven patients with migraine with...

    Authors: Francesco Pisani and Carlo Fusco

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:64

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  10. The pathogenesis of migraine headache is poorly understood but the trigeminovascular system seems to play an important role in it. The trigeminal nucleus caudalis is sensitised by noxious sensory stimuli, ofte...

    Authors: Elliot Shevel and Egilius H. Spierings

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2004 5:62

    Content type: REVIEW

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  11. We describe the headache characteristics of two patients with intracranial hypotension (IH) and correlate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pattern to the clinical aspects of this type of headache. The firs...

    Authors: Chiara Lia, Edo Bottacchi, Adriana Brusa and Luigi Sironi

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:52

    Content type: BRIEF REPORT

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  12. The aim of the present study was to map the presence of neurotransmitters and nitric oxid synthase (NOS) in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis and cervical spinal cord of cat. Immunocytochemistry was used to map ...

    Authors: Tove Christiansen, Anitha Bruun, Yolande E. Knight, Peter J. Goadsby and Lars Edvinsson

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:51

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  13. Medication-overuse headaches are a relevant medical and social problem, for which specific treatments have not yet been defined. In patients with chronic daily headache who take analgesics every day, this head...

    Authors: Rita Moretti, Paola Torre, Antonio Bava and Rodolfo M. Antonello

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:50

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  14. Growing evidence suggests a possible relationship between migraine and thrombotic risk factors. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible relationship between migraine and acquired and genetic thrombop...

    Authors: Bianca Bassi, Emilia Parodi, Maria Messina, Patrizia Boffi, Barbara Bobba, Maria Francesca Campagnoli, Roberto Rigardetto and Paola Saracco

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:48

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  15. A multicenter one-year study was carried out on 6629 headache patients under 18 years of age, attending 27 centers and clinics devoted to headache in Italy to identify the prevalence of cluster headache (CH) i...

    Authors: Beatrice Gallai, Giovanni Mazzotta, Francesca Floridi, Alessia Mattioni, Antonio Baldi, Andrea Alberti, Paola Sarchielli and Virgilio Gallai

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:47

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  16. Nummular headache is characterized by mild to moderate, pressure-like head pain exclusively in a small, rounded or oval area without underlying structural lesions. Either during symptomatic periods or interict...

    Authors: Juan A. Pareja, Julia Pareja and Julio Yangüela

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:46

    Content type: REVIEW

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  17. Chronic daily headache relates to the daily or almost daily occurrence of headache in a nonparoxysmal pattern. In this review, I discuss the presentation, development, outcome, and treatment of chronic daily h...

    Authors: Egilius L. H. Spierings

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:45

    Content type: REVIEW

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  18. A preliminary, open label study was conducted on 20 patients with migraine without aura and with high headache frequency to assess the efficacy and tolerability of the new antiepileptic drug levetiracetam. Pat...

    Authors: Virgilio Gallai, Andrea Alberti, Cristiana Rossi, Francesca Coppola, Beatrice Gallai, Giovanni Mazzotta and Paola Sarchielli

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:43

    Content type: RAPID COMMUNICATION

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  19. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the use of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A; BOTOX; Allergan, Inc.; Irvine, CA) as preventive treatment of chronic tension-type headache (CTH) on analgesic ...

    Authors: Gabriella Coloprisco, Sergio De Filippis, Pier Giorgio Santi, Giuseppe Fiore, Anna Rodio and Paolo Martelletti

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:37

    Content type: RAPID COMMUNICATION

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  20. The aim of this study was to determine postures adopted by patients during migraine attack. A total of 199 migraine patients were questioned about their postures during the migraine attack. Of these, 92 patien...

    Authors: H. Macit Selekler, Hafize Can and Faik Budak

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:36

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  21. We audited the expectations of patients referred to a combined headache clinic from a specialist headache clinic and a pain relief unit due to the intractable nature of their headache. Our aim was to assess th...

    Authors: Paul T. G. Davies, Chris J. Glynn and Miriam A. Kadry

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:35

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  22. Patients with chronic tension- type headache (CTTH) are the most difficult to treat. Tricyclic antidepressants are the first-line therapeutic agents, but their anticholinergic side effects limit their usage. S...

    Authors: Cavit Boz, Vildan Altunayoglu, Sibel Velioglu and Mehmet Ozmenoglu

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:34

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  23. We performed a prevalence study to compare some lifestyle habits between subjects with migraine and those with nonmigraine primary headaches. We surveyed female students in randomly selected classes of the Sch...

    Authors: Hristina Vlajinac, Sandra Šipetić, Eleonora Džoljić, Jadranka Maksimović, Jelena Marinković and Vlada Kostić

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:33

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  24. Clinical studies suggest that hyperhomocysteinemia could be considered an independent risk factor for premature cerebral, peripheral and vascular diseases. A number of authors found an epidemiological correlat...

    Authors: Eleonora Ferraris, Nadia Marzocchi, Daria Brovia, Carmela N. Castellana and Luigi A. Pini

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:32

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  25. This article describes the mathematical process of building a model of migraine syndrome guided by research data and evidences. The paper illustrates the construction of a new possible model of the evolution, ...

    Authors: Maria Nicolodi and Federigo Sicuteri†

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:31

    Content type: SPECIAL ARTICLE

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  26. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is a rare autosomal dominant-type migraine with aura. Attacks are characterised by hemiparesis in addition to other aura and migraine symptoms. Few studies have examined the...

    Authors: Michele Roccella

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:00025

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  27. We observed the occurrence of neuromuscular hyperexcitability, assessed with electromyographic ischemic tests, in headache patients in relation to Mg++ levels in serum, red blood cells and mononuclear cells. Cli...

    Authors: Giovanni Mazzotta, Paola Sarchielli, Andrea Alberti, Elisabetta Cittadini and Virgilio Gallai

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:00024

    Content type: ORIGINAL

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  28. We describe a series of experiments designed to investigate the mechanisms by which headaches can be triggered by red wine in a small minority of migraine patients. Some red wines are particularly potent rele...

    Authors: Richard C. Peatfield, Gordon Fletcher, Keith Rhodes, Ian M. Gardiner and Jacqueline de Belleroche

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:00023

    Content type: REVIEW

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  29. The main goals of prophylactic treatment for migraine are to decrease headache attack frequency, length and intensity, to improve the efficacy of symptomatic drugs, to reduce their need, and to prevent pain c...

    Authors: Emilio Sternieri, Anna Ferrari and Arrigo F.G. Cicero

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:00022

    Content type: REVIEW

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  30. The role of daily analgesic use (also called abuse) in chronic daily headache (CDH) for the maintenance of chronic headache is discussed. The comprehension of the underlying mechanisms of actions is lacking m...

    Authors: Luigi A. Pini

    Citation: The Journal of Headache and Pain 2003 4:00020

    Content type: EDITORIAL

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