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Table 4 Migraine diagnosis and olfactory sensitization in n = 113 patients with migraine

From: Interictal osmophobia is associated with longer migraine disease duration

  Osmophobia during migraine cycle
Migraine (with aura/without aura) preictal hypersensitivity
Migraine with aura: 24 (21.2%)
Migraine without aura: 19 (16.8%)
ictal hypersensitivity
Migraine with aura: 36 (31.9%)
Migraine without aura: 34 (30.1%)
interictal hypersensitivity
Migraine with aura: 16 (14.2%)
Migraine without aura: 20 (17.7%)
odor-triggered migraine attacks
Migraine with aura: 18 (15.9%)
Migraine without aura: 16 (14.2%)
Migraine (Chronic migraine/episodic migraine) preictal hypersensitivity
Chronic migraine: 7 (6.2%)
Episodic migraine: 36 (31.9%)
ictal hypersensitivity
Chronic migraine: 10 (8.8%)
Episodic migraine: 60 (53.1%)
interictal hypersensitivity
Chronic migraine: 6 (5.3%)
Episodic migraine: 30 (26.5%)
odor triggered migraine attacks
Chronic migraine: 4 (3.5%)
Episodic migraine: 30 (26.5%)
Disease duration (Median, years) preictal hypersensitivity
x ̃(preictal hypersensitivity) = 20.0 years
x ̃(no preictal hypersensitivity) = 21.0 years
ictal hypersensitivity
x ̃(ictal hypersensitivity) = 20.0 years
x ̃(no ictal hypersensitivity) = 21.0 years
interictal hypersensitivity
x ̃ (interictal hypersensitivity) = 28.5 years
x ̃ (no interictal hypersensitivity) = 20 years
odor-triggered migraine attacks
x ̃(odor-triggered migraine attacks) = 20.0 years
x ̃(no odor-triggered migraine attacks) = 21.0 years
Migraine disability (Median, Midas-score) preictal hypersensitivity
x ̃(preictal hypersensitivity) = 32.00
x ̃(no preictal hypersensitivity) = 21.50
ictal hypersensitivity
x ̃(ictal hypersensitivity) = 31.00
x ̃(no ictal hypersensitivity) = 23.00
interictal hypersensitivity
x ̃(interictal hypersensitivity) = 37.00
x ̃(no interictal hypersensitivity) = 23.00
odor-triggered migraine attacks
x ̃(odor-triggered migraine attacks) = 36.00
x ̃(no odor-triggered migraine attacks) = 23.00