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Table 4 Direct and indirect 1-year cost in € per patient with cluster headache

From: The economic and personal burden of cluster headache: a controlled cross-sectional study

  Episodic cluster headache (n = 253) Chronic cluster headache (n = 146) All (n = 400)
Direct cost
 Oxygen, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
297 (317)
N = 152
961 (495)
N = 117
542 (506)
N = 270
 Triptans, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
1,709 (4,349)
N = 128
5,470 (13,467)
N = 84
3,077 (9,008)
N = 234
 General practitioners, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
35 (76)
N = 113
72 (162)
N = 72
49 (116)
N = 185
 Acute medicine, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
28 (100)
N = 32
190 (1229)
N = 27
87 (749)
N = 59
 Neurologist, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
38 (94)
N = 60
68 (158)
N = 50
49 (122)
N = 110
 Hospital outpatient clinic, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
352 (738)
N = 88
767 (1,186)
N = 78
503 (947)
N = 166
 Hospital admittance, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
303 (12,01)
N = 24
1,630 (4,601)
N = 30
871 (3,427)
N = 55
Total annual direct cost per patient in €, mean (SD) 2,763 (4,741) 9,158 (14,237) 5,178 (9,980)
Difference: 6,395, p < 0.001  
Indirect cost
 Sick days, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
1,337 (3,924)
N = 90
5,345 (15,248)
N = 30
2,797 (9,898)
N = 120
 Disability pension, €/year, mean (SD)
  Recipients
2,221 (7,229)
N = 23
6,464 (11,384)
N = 40
3,764 (9,182)
N = 63
Total annual indirect cost per patient in €, mean (SD) 3,558 (7,855) €/year 11,809 (17,104) 6,561 (1,2696)
Difference: 8,240, p < 0.001  
Total annual cost per patient in €, mean (SD) 6,321 (9,928) 20,967 (23,051) 11,739 (17,507)