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Table 5 Differences in pressure pain thresholds between people with migraine and healthy participants (non-dominant side)

From: Fluctuations in local and widespread mechanical sensitivity throughout the migraine cycle: a prospective longitudinal study

   Crude Adjusteda
Difference 95% CI P-value Difference 95% CI P-value
Temporalis muscle Interictal −93.3 --125.0 – − 61.7 <  0.001 5.3 −14.9 – 4.2 0.271
Preictal −118.9 − 150.5 – − 87.2 <  0.001 − 30.9 −40.4 – − 21.4 <  0.001
Ictal − 145.3 − 177.0 – − 113.7 <  0.001 − 57.4 −66.9 – − 47.8 <  0.001
Postictal −112.2 − 143.8 – − 80.6 <  0.001 − 24.2 −33.8 – − 14.7 <  0.001
Paraspinal muscles C1 Interictal −53.8 − 90.1– − 17.6 0.004 −0.8 −9.7 – 8.2 0.867
Preictal −80.5 − 116.8 – − 44.3 <  0.001 − 27.5 − 36.4 – − 18.5 <  0.001
Ictal −102.9 − 139.1– − 66.6 <  0.00 −49.8 −58.7 – − 40.9 <  0.001
Postictal −66.3 − 102.5 – − 30.0 <  0.001 −13.2 − 22.1 – −4.3 0.004
Upper trapezius muscle Interictal −46.2 −85.5 – − 6.9 0.022 −3.5 −14.8 – 7.8 0.540
Preictal −89.4 − 128.7 – − 50.1 <  0.001 −46.7 −58.0 – − 35.4 <  0.001
Ictal − 119.7 − 159.0 – − 80.4 <  0.001 −77.0 − 88.3 – − 65.7 <  0.001
Postictal −68.5 −107.8 – − 29.2 0.001 −25.8 −37.2 – − 14.5 <  0.001
Extensor carpi radialis muscle Interictal −35.1 −69.9 – − 0.4 0.048 −3.0 − 14.7 – 8.8 0.620
Preictal −42.0 − 76.8 – − 7.3 0.018 −9.9 −26.6 – 1.9 0.100
Ictal −61.1 −95.8 – − 26.3 0.001 −28.9 −40.6 – − 17.1 <  0.001
Postictal −47.3 −82.0 – − 12.5 0.008 − 15.1 −26.9 – −3.3 0.012
Tibialis anterior muscle Interictal −110.4 − 179.5 – − 41.2 0.002 1.1 −19.5 – 21.7 0.916
Preictal −143.0 −212.1 – − 73.8 <  0.001 −31.5 −52.1 – −10.9 0.003
Ictal −163.6 − 232.8 – − 94.5 <  0.001 − 52.2 −72.9 – − 31.5 <  0.001
Postictal −134.5 −203.7 – − 65.4 <  0.001 −23.1 − 43.7 – −2.5 0.029
  1. CI confidence interval. Mean difference in PPTs (in kPa) between people with migraine and healthy participants in the different phases of migraine. aAdjusted for age and baseline PPT value
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