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Table 3 Differences in pressure pain thresholds between people with migraine and healthy participants (dominant side)

From: Fluctuations in local and widespread mechanical sensitivity throughout the migraine cycle: a prospective longitudinal study

  CrudeAdjusteda
Difference95% CIP-valueDifference95% CIP-value
Temporalis muscleInterictal−91.4− 125.8 – −57.0<  0.001−3.0−12.5 – 6.50.534
Preictal− 115.8− 151.0 – −80.4<  0.001−27.4−36.9 – − 17.9<  0.001
Ictal− 152.9− 188.1 – − 117.8<  0.001− 64.5−74.0 – − 55.1<  0.001
Postictal−108.0− 143.2 – −72.8<  0.001−19.6− 29.0 – − 10.1<  0.001
Paraspinal muscles C1Interictal−56.4− 90.7 – − 22.20.001− 3.2− 13.0 – 6.70.525
Preictal− 86.4− 121.4 – − 51.3<  0.001−33.1−42.9 – − 23.3<  0.001
Ictal−120.3−155.3 – − 85.3<  0.001−67.1−76.9 – − 57.2<  0.001
Postictal− 75.1− 110.1 – −40.1<  0.001−21.8−31.7 – − 12.0<  0.001
Upper trapezius muscleInterictal−46.9− 84.9 – − 9.00.016− 6.1−17.1 – 4.90.277
Preictal−92.5−31.3 – −53.7<  0.001−51.6− 62.6 – −40.6<  0.001
Ictal− 125.7− 164.5 – − 86.9<  0.001−84.9−95.9 – −73.9<  0.001
Postictal−70.8−109.6 – − 32.00.001−29.9−40.9 – −18.9<  0.001
Extensor carpi radialis muscleInterictal−39.3−72.5 – − 6.10.021−2.6−11.3 – 6.00.548
Preictal−51.3−85.3 – −17.30.004−14.6−23.3 – −5.90.001
Ictal−60.2−94.1 – −26.20.001−23.5−32.2 – − 14.8<  0.001
Postictal−53.5− 87.4 – −19.50.003−16.8−25.5 – −8.1<  0.001
Tibialis anterior muscleInterictal− 111.5− 181.1 – −41.80.002−1.1−20.6 – 18.50.915
Preictal−143.5− 214.7 – −72.2<  0.001−33.1−52.6 – −13.50.001
Ictal−162.2− 233.5 – −91.0<  0.001−51.8−71.4 – −32.3<  0.001
Postictal− 132.5− 203.7 – −61.30.001−22.1−41.6 – − 2.50.027
  1. Data (in kPa) are presented as mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). aAdjusted for age and baseline (i.e., interictal) PPT value
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