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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis of associations of sociodemographic variables with the principal headache types

From: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional population-based study

 MigraineTension-type headacheProbable MOH
OR [95% CI]pOR [95% CI]pOR [95% CI]p
Gender
 male (n = 1442)referencereferencereference
 female (n = 874)1.7 [1.4–2.1]< 0.00010.9 [0.7–1.0]0.12374.7 [2.3–9.4]< 0.0001
Age (yr)
 18–25 (n = 769)referencereferencereference
 26–35 (n = 818)0.9 [0.7–1.1]0.24191.1 [0.9–1.4]0.22441.4 [0.6–3.2]0.4277
 36–45 (n = 448)0.9 [0.7–1.2]0.46210.9 [0.7–1.2]0.55591.7 [0.7–4.2]0.2231
 46–55 (n = 199)0.7 [0.5–1.0]0.06260.9 [0.6–1.3]0.57702.7 [1.0–7.4]0.0415
 56–65 (n = 82)0.4 [0.2–0.8]0.01430.9 [0.5–1.5]0.69040.9 [0.1–7.4]0.9509
Education
 none (n = 205)1.0 [0.7–1.4]0.85490.3 [0.2–0.5]< 0.00011.8 [0.6–4.8]0.2731
 school (n-1212)referencereferencereference
 university (n = 897)1.1 [0.9–1.4]0.27201.3 [1.0–1.5]0.01421.5 [0.8–2.9]0.2129
Employment
 employed or self-employed (n = 1199)referencereferencereference
 housewife (n = 567)1.5 [1.2–1.8]0.00120.8 [0.7–1.0]0.07352.4 [1.2–4.9]0.0127
 student, seeking work or retired (n-544)1.2 [0.9–1.5]0.15040.9 [0.7–1.1]0.20691.3 [0.6–3.1]0.504
  1. MOH medication-overuse headache, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval; significant differences are emboldened
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