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Table 2 Observed 1-year prevalence (%) by headache type, gender and age, observed 1-day prevalence of any headache (headache yesterday), and adjusted values for gender and age

From: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional population-based study

 Migraine
(n = 663)
Tension-type headache
(n = 994)
Probable MOH
(n = 41)
Other headache on ≥ 15d/m
(n = 48)
Any headache yesterday
(n = 254)
All (N = 2316)28.7 [26.9–30.6]42.9 [40.9–45.0]1.8 [1.3–2.4]2.1 [1.5–2.7]11.0 [9.7–12.3]
Gender
 male (n = 1442)24.3 [22.1–26.6]45.3 [42.7–47.9]0.8 [0.4–1.4]1.4 [0.8–2.1]8.8 [7.4–10.4]
 female (n = 874)36.0 [32.9–39.3]39.0 [35.8–42.3]3.4 [2.4–4.9]3.2 [2.3–4.6]14.5 [12.3–17.0]
p (male vs female)a< 0.00010.0032< 0.00010.0039< 0.0001
Age (yr)
 18–25 (n = 769)31.1 [27.8–34.5]41.4 [37.8–44.9]1.3 [0.6–2.4]2.1 [1.2–3.4]10.3 (8.2–12.6]
 26–35 (n = 818)28.0 [24.9–31.2]45.7 [42.3–49.2]1.6 [0.8–2.7]1.7 [0.9–2.9]10.6 [8.6–13.0]
 36–45 (n = 448)29.5 [25.3–33.9]42.0 [37.3–46.7]2.2 [1.1–4.1]2.7 [1.4–4.6]11.6 [8.8–14.9]
 46–55 (n = 199)24.6 [18.8–31.2]39.7 [32.8–46.9]3.5 [1.4–7.1]2.5 [0.8–5.8]13.1 [8.7–18.6]
 56–65 (n = 82)19.5 [11.6–29.7]42.7 [31.8–54.1]1.2 [0.0–6.6]1.2 [0.0–6.6]12.2 [6.0–21.3]
Adjusted for gender and ageb25.0 [23.2–26.8]34.1 [32.2–36.0]2.0%2.3%11.5%
  1. MOH medication-overuse headache, d/m days/month; prevalence values are % [95% confidence interval]; aFisher’s exact test, 2-tailed; badjusted by correcting for gender and age distribution according to national census 2010 [20]
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