Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Population

From: Interrelations between migraine-like headache and persistent post-traumatic headache attributed to mild traumatic brain injury: a prospective diary study

Variable Persistent PTH (n = 64)
Age, mean (SD), y 34.0 (11.1)
Male/Female, % 23/77
Body Mass Index, mean (SD), kg/m2 26.2 (5.6)
Current Employment Status, %
 Full-time employed 22
 Part-time employed 53
 Unemployed 22
 Retired 3
Education
 Years of education, mean (SD), y 14.8 (2.9)
Level of education, %
 No completed education besides secondary school or high school 17
 Skilled labor 28
 Bachelor’s degree 27
 Higher education 28
Injury Cause, %
 Fall 28
 Motor vehicle collision 27
 Sports-related injury 20
 Violence/assault 5
 Other unintentional injury 20
Months with Headache attributed to Mild TBI, mean (SD), months 61.3 (60.0)
Family History of Migraine, % 32
Headache Frequency, mean (SD)
 Monthly headache days of any intensity 26.3 (2.9)
 Monthly headache days of moderate to severe intensity 19.7 (6.6)
Acute Medication Use
Current Acute Medication Use, No. of subjects (%) 58 (91)
Triptans
 Current or previous use, No. of subjects (%) 30 (47)
 Lack of efficacy, No. of subjects (%) 17 (57)
Prevention Medication Use
History of Preventive Medication Use, No. of subjects 49
 No drug failures, % 14
 Failure of ≥1 drug, % 86
 Failure of ≥2 drugs, % 55
 Failure of ≥3 drugs, % 37
 Failure of ≥4 drugs, % 20
Treatment Naïve, No. of subjects 15
Current Preventive Medication Use, No. of subjects 29