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Table 1 Distribution of survey respondents according to different variables (n = 1018)

From: Impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on patients with migraine: a web-based survey study

  No. (%)
Age (years)
  < 20 38(3.7%)
 20–40 733(72%)
 40–60 235(23.1%)
  > 60 12 (1.2%)
Gender
 Female 858 (84.3%)
 Male 160 (15.7%)
Occupation
 Full-time job 526 (51.7%)
 I don’t work 208 (20.4%)
 Student 116 (11.4%)
 Part-time job 107 (10.5%)
 Retired 61 (6%)
Marital status
 Married 629 (61.8%)
 Single 324 (31.8%)
 Divorced 55 (5.4%)
 Widow 4 (0.4%)
 Other 6 (0.6%)
Education
 High school 456 (44.8%)
 Primary school or less 282 (27.7%)
 University 280 (27.5%)
Disease onset (years)
 Mean ± SD. 9.8 ± 8.3
 Median (Min. – Max.) 7 (1–46)
Increase in Migraine severity 653 (64.1%)
Increase in Migraine frequency 607 (59.6%)
Degree of severity increase
 Did not increase 365 (35.9%)
 Moderate increase 357 (35.1%)
 Significant increase 231 (22.7%)
 Slight increase 65 (6.4%)
Migraine days (before pandemic)
 Mean ± SD. 5.7 ± 5.5
 Median (Min. – Max.) 4 (0–30)
Migraine days (during pandemic)
 Mean ± SD. 8 ± 7.1
 Median (Min. – Max.) 5 (0–30)
Decrease in migraine days 163 (16%)
Medication overuse 597 (58.7%)
Compliance to migraine treatment 477 (46.9%)
Difficulty in getting medications 256 (25.1%)
Emergency department visit 228 (22.4%)
Chronification of migraine during pandemic 105 (10.3%)
Communication with treating physician
 Did not contact for the duration of the pandemic 626 (61.5%)
 Visiting the doctor / hospital 136 (13.4%)
 Telephone 100 (9.8%)
 Social media 98 (9.6%)
 Other 38(3.7%)
 Telemedicine clinics 20 (2%)
Worries and concerns during pandemic
 Infection with COVID-19 571 (56.1%)
 Increase migraine severity and/or frequency 445 (43.7%)
 Unavailability of medications 174 (17.1%)
 Social, financial and family problems 175 (17.1%)
 Losing their jobs 50 (4.9%)
 Other concerns 136 (13.4%)
Sleep disturbance 794 (78.1%)
Increase screen time exposure 905 (88.9%)
Symptoms of anxiety and/or depression 809 (79.5%)
Eating habits disturbance 593 (58.3%)
Working during pandemic 465 (45.7%)
Use of alternative/ traditional medicine 406 (39.9%)
Lack of regular exercise 812 (79.7%)
Negative effect of Botox injection cancellation
 No 77 (33.9%)
 Yes 150 (66.1%)
COVID-19 infection 41 (4%)
Headache worsening during COVID-19 infection
 No 15 (36.6%)
 Yes 26 (63.4%)