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Table 5 Binary logistic regression analysis of associations of headache types with demographic variables (N = 2344)

From: The prevalence of headache disorders in children and adolescents in Ethiopia: a schools-based study

Variable Migraine Tension-type headache All headache on ≥ 15 d/m Undifferentiated headache
Adjusted odds ratioa [95% CI]
Gender:
 Male (n = 1157) reference reference reference reference
 Female (n = 1187) 1.2 [1.01–1.4]1 1.1 [0.9–1.3] 1.1 [0.5–2.3] 1.0 [0.8–1.3]
Age group (years)
 6–11 (n = 1011) reference reference reference reference
 12–17 (n = 1333) 0.9 [0.8–1.1] 1.4 [1.5–1.7]2 1.6 [0.7–3.7] 1.5 [1.2–1.9]2
Pupils’ home-incomeb
 Higher-middle or middle (n = 963) 0.9 [0.8–1.1] 1.3 [1.03–1.55]1 1.7 [0.8–3.6] 1.4 [1.07–1.8]1
 Lower-middle or low (n = 1381) reference reference reference reference
School locality
 Urban (n = 849) 1.4 [1.2–1.6]3 1.1 [0.9–1.4] 1.1 [0.5–2.5] 1.03 [0.8–1.3]
 Semi-rural or rural (n = 1495) reference reference reference reference
  1. d/m days/month; aadjusted for all variables listed; bsee text or Table 1 for explanation; significant values are emboldened (1 p < 0.05; 2 p < 0.01; 3 p < 0.001)