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Table 1 Clinicodemographic characteristics of participants

From: The status and high risk factors of severe psychological distress in migraine patients during nCOV-2019 outbreak in Southwest China: a cross-sectional study

characteristic Migraine patients (n = 144) Healthy controls (n = 150) P
Male 32 (22%) 39 (26%) 0.449
Age, year 36.6 ± 8.4 36.8 ± 9.5 0.88
Marriage 98 (68%) 119 (79%) 0.088
Education level, year
 ≤ 12 59 (41%) 50 (33%) 0.175
 > 12 85 (59%) 100 (67%)
Family monthly income a, RMB
 0–4999 31 (22%) 37 (25%) < 0.001
 5000–9999 41 (29%) 51 (34%)
 10,000–14,999 52 (36%) 34 (23%)
 15,000–19,999 12 (8%) 11 (7%)
 > 20,000 8 (6%) 16 (11%)
Duration of migraine, y 7.41 ± 5.72   
Migraine attack frequency in previous 30 days 3.58 ± 3.28   
History of epidemiological contact 4 (3%) 4 (3%) 0.953
Suspected COVID-19 cases 21 12 0.074
COVID-19 cases in respondent’s residential community 23 (26%) 15 (10%) 0.127
Level of concern about 2019-nCoV outbreak
 Very concerned 95 (66%) 67 (45%) < 0.001
 Concerned 32 (22%) 68 (45%)
 Average 17 (12%) 12 (8%)
 Relatively unconcerned or very unconcerned 0 (0) 3 (2%)
Time spent paying attention to outbreak, hours per day 2.3 ± 1.5 1.5 ± 1.0 < 0.001
Feeling difficulty to control emotion during the 2019-nCoV outbreak 18 (13%) 11 (7%) 0.137
Frequency of dreaming about 2019-nCoV
most of time 10 (7%) 5 (3%) 0.019
 sometimes 28 (19%) 15 (10%)
 none 106 (74%) 130 (87%)
  1. Values are n (%), mean ± SD, or median (maximum, minimum)
  2. a1 RMB = 0.143 USD in 29 Feb 2020