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Table 3 The prevalence of headache disorders in patients (n = 550) during the year before stroke (excepting last week before stroke) and during the last year before interview in controls (excepting last week before interview) (n = 192) according to ICHD-3

From: Sentinel headache as a warning symptom of ischemic stroke

Type of headacheMales with stroke
(n = 298)
Male controls
(n = 69)
Р, OR (95% CI)Females with stroke
(n = 252)
Female controls
(n = 123)
Р, OR (95% CI)All patients with stroke (n = 550)All controls (n = 192)Р, ОR, 95% CI
Migraine without aura9 (3.0%)1 (1.4%)0.837 (14.7%)14 (11.4%)0.546 (8.4%)15 (7.8%)0.8
Migraine with aura3 (1.0%)00.95 (2.0%)1 (0.8%)0.78 (1.5%)1 (0.52%)0.5
Chronic migraine3 (1.0%)00.916 (6.3%)1 (0.8%)0.03
8.3; 1.1–63.1
19 (3.5%)1 (0.52%)0.06
All migraine15 (5.3%)1 (1.4%)0.358 (23.0%)16 (13.0%)0.03
2.0; 1.1–3.7
73 (13.3%)17 (8.9%)0.1
 Episodic TTH***151 (50.7%)48 (69.6%)0.007
0.5; 0.3–0.8
173 (68.7%)84 (68.3%)0.9324 (58.9%)132 (68.7%)0.02
0.7; 0.5–0.9
 Chronic TTH8 (2.7%)0 (0%)0.412 (4.8%)3 (2.4%)0.420 (3.6%)3 (1.6%)0.2
 All TTH159 (53.4%)48 (69.6%)0.02
0.5; 0.3–0.9
185 (73.4%)87 (70.7%)0.7344 (62.5%)135 (70.3%)0.06
 Cluster headache2 (0.7%)0 (0%)0.80 (0%)1 (0.81%)0.72 (0.4%)1 (0.52%)0.7
 Medication overuse headache1 (0.3%)0 (0%)0.46 (2.4%)0 (0%)0.27 (1.3%)0 (0%)0.3
 No headache132 (44.3%)24 (34.7%)0.248 (19.0%)15 (12.2%)0.1180 (32.7%)39 (20%)0.002
1.9; 1.3–2,8
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