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Table 2 Distribution of patients with stroke according to TOAST classification and NIHSS score

From: Sentinel headache as a warning symptom of ischemic stroke

Distribution of strokeMales (n = 298)Females (n = 252)All (n = 550)
TOAST classification
 Large-artery atherosclerosis97 (32.5%)57 (22.6%)154 (28.0%)
 Small-vessel occlusion (lacune)60 (20.1%)61 (24.2%)121 (22.0%)
 Cardioembolism37 (12.4%)48 (19.0%)85 (15.5%)
 Stroke of undetermined etiology96 (32.3%)82 (32.6%)178 (32.4%)
 Other etiologies8 (2.7%)4 (1.6%)12 (2.1%)
NIHSS score
 Less than 8 points223 (78.4%)198 (78.6%)421 (76.5%)
 8–16 points74 (24.8%)53 (21.0%)127 (23.1%)
 More than 16 points1 (0.3%)0 (0%)1 (0.2%)
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