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Table 1 Final regression model sample description

From: Predictors of pain in general ageing populations: results from a multi-country analysis based on ATHLOS harmonized database

 BaselineFollow-up
No pain at follow-up
(N = 8197)
Pain at follow-up
(N = 5348)
Total
(N = 13,545)
No pain at follow-up
(N = 8197)
Pain at follow-up
(N = 5348)
Total
(N = 13,545)
Age, mean ± sd
[median: interquartile range]
59.8 ± 14.4
[64: 52–71]
60.62 ± 13.0
[62: 53–70]
60.1 ± 13.9
[63: 53–70]
65.5 ± 13.9
[70: 59–75]
64.9 ± 12.6
[66: 57–74]
65.3 ± 13.5
[68: 57–75]
Sex  (N = 13,545)  (N = 13,545)
 Male49.8%41.9%46.7%49.8%41.9%46.7%
 Female50.2%58.1%53.3%50.2%58.1%53.3%
Marital status  (N = 13,529)  (N = 13,526)
 Married/cohabiting71.1%71.4%71.2%67.2%67.2%67.2%
 Single8.3%8.0%8.2%7.5%7.8%7.6%
 Divorced/Separated7.1%7.1%7.1%7.7%7.3%7.6%
 Widow13.5%13.5%13.5%17.6%17.7%17.6%
Education  (N = 11,384)  (N = 9931)
 Primary or less28.6%38.3%32.5%20.3%31.6%24.9%
 Secondary or above71.4%61.7%67.5%79.7%68.4%75.1%
Retired  (N = 12,984)  (N = 12,974)
31.2%34.3%32.5%41.9%40.5%41.3%
Household wealth quintile  (N = 13,140)  (N = 10,175)
 1 - Lower15.7%20.0%17.419.5%23.3%21.0%
 217.6%19.0%18.218.4%21.7%19.7%
 319.7%17.9%19.020.1%19.7%19.9%
 423.5%22.3%23.021.1%17.5%19.7%
 5 - Higher23.5%20.8%22.420.9%17.8%19.7%
Smoking status,  (N = 12,674)  (N = 10,629)
 Never47.4%51.4%48.9%44.0%44.2%44.0%
 Former smoker31.7%25.1%29.3%39.8%30.1%36.9%
 Current20.9%23.5%21.8%16.2%25.7%19.1%
Current alcohol consumption  (N = 13,541)  (N = 13,008)
57.2%56.8%57.1%55.5%56.0%55.7%
Engaged in vigorous exercise  (N = 13,545)  (N = 11,901)
25.6%38.7%30.7%21.4%33.7%26.3%
Low level of energy/Fatigue  (N = 13,413)  (N = 13,545)
25.7%34.0%28.9%21.6%43.8%30.3%
Sleep problems  (N = 13,430)  (N = 13,545)
24.8%35.9%29.1%25.8%45.1%33.3%
Difficulty walking by yourself  (N = 12,972)  (N = 13,545)
8.4%11.6%9.7%14.1%25.9%18.7%
Self-reported health  (N = 12,818)  (N = 13,545)
 Poor3.5%7.5%5.1%4.8%15.1%8.9%
 Average/Fair/Moderate19.6%27.2%22.6%21.7%34.6%26.7%
 Good76.9%65.3%72.3%73.5%50.3%64.4%
Recent falls  (N = 9656)  (N = 10,092)
26.2%64.6%42.4%30.7%68.2%46.3%
Evaluative wellbeing,  (N = 7178)  (N = 9467)
 Low5.7%22.2%14.4%6.3%25.0%15.2%
 Middle20.8%27.9%24.5%18.6%28.2%23.2%
 High73.5%49.9%61.1%75.1%46.8%61.6%
Diabetes  (N = 11,928)  (N = 12,214)
11.8%15.7%13.1%19.0%19.6%19.2%
Respiratory diseases  (N = 13,531)  (N = 12,084)
8.0%9.2%8.5%10.7%14.0%12.0%
Hypertension  (N = 13,527)  (N = 12,609)
37.5%37.4%37.4%50.8%52.8%51.6%
Joint disorders  (N = 13,537)  (N = 12,688)
26.6%26.7%26.6%347%44.4%38.6%
Angina  (N = 3453)  (N = 3453)
1.5%2.2%1.7%2.8%4.5%3.4%
Stroke  (N = 13,535)  (N = 12,084)
1.1%1.9%1.4%1.7%2.7%2.1%
Cancer  (N = 11,922)  (N = 11,503)
1.7%3.2%2.3%2.3%4.6%3.2%
Multimorbidity  (N = 13,544)  (N = 13,096)
27.6%27.0%27.3%38.4%42.6%40.1%
Obesity  (N = 13,545)  (N = 11,245)
19.0%23.1%20.6%21.2%24.5%22.5%
Depression  (N = 13,302)  (N = 13,451)
10.6%22.3%15.2%10.6%29.8%18.1%
Experience of a loss of any close person (bereavement)  (N = 13,545)  (N = 13,536)
28.6%44.5%34.8%33.4%58.3%43.1%