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Table 4 Mixed-repeated measures ANCOVA to analyse the main effects of change (within subjects condition) x headache diagnosis (between subjects condition), after controlling for possible confounders (age, gender and depressive symptoms)

From: Cognitive aging in migraine sufferers is associated with more subjective complaints but similar age-related decline: a 5-year longitudinal study

 WoHNMHMHMixed-repeated measures ANCOVA
BFUBFUBFU
ChangeaHead. Diag.bChange x Head. Diag.Change x genderChange x ageChange x GDS
FPFpFpFpFpFp
EXECUTIVE SCORE0.1 ± 1.10.03 ± 0.9−0.5 ± 1.2−0.1 ± 0.9−0.7 ± 1.5− 0.1 ± 1.00.3010.5843.7060.0264.0940.0181.0680.3020.1820.6700.8150.367
Food Fluency0.8 ± 1.50.7 ± 1.60.6 ± 1.60.5 ± 1.80.3 ± 1.60.5 ± 1.54.5320.0342.5000.0840.0530.9481.1480.2855.9210.0160.0060.936
Animals Fluency0.2 ± 1.00.1 ± 1.10.3 ± 1.10.2 ± 0.80.2 ± 0.90.1 ± 0.90.0050.9460.2820.7550.0320.9680.3540.5520.1900.6630.0500.823
Letter “P” Fluency−0.2 ± 1.0−0.1 ± 1.00.2 ± 1.50.1 ± 0.9−0.01 ± 1.0− 0.4 ± 0.90.0000.9962.0980.1251.6450.1950.7950.3730.0020.9616.7870.010
TMT A−0.04 ± 1.1− 0.3 ± 1.5− 0.7 ± 1.7−0.9 ± 2.0−1.3 ± 2.1− 0.7 ± 1.23.1140.0793.7730.0243.8450.0230.0060.9372.9940.0850.2350.628
TMT B−0.1 ± 1.5−0.2 ± 1.5−1.0 ± 1.7− 0.8 ± 1.1−1.0 ± 1.5−0.7 ± 1.53.5050.0633.7960.0241.3140.2710.0200.8882.1900.1406.4490.012
MEMORY SCORE0.1 ± 0.8−0.1 ± 1.00.01 ± 0.9−0.2 ± 1.10.2 ± 0.90.2 ± 1.117.877< 0.000010.3980.6720.3720.6901.7190.19117.556< 0.000011.6460.201
  1. Figures in the descriptive statistics part of the table represent zscores
  2. B baseline, FU follow-up, MH migraine headache, NMH non migraine headache, TMT Trail Making Test, WoH without headache
  3. Significance set at p < 0.05
  4. awithin-subjects condition
  5. bbetween-subject condition
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