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Table 7 Total annual direct cost per patient by gender, age and migraine status

From: Cost of chronic and episodic migraine patients in continuous treatment for two years in a tertiary level headache Centre

GenderN.Specialist visitsDiagnostic testsED + HospitalizationsAcute medicationsPreventive medicationsPRITotal (±SD)p-value
Men8057 €13 €33 €131 €819 €220 €1274 € (± 1772)0.013
Women46861 €12 €28 €174 €983 €260 €1517 € (± 1685)
AgeN.Specialist visitsDiagnostic testsED + HospitalizationsAcute medicationsPreventive medicationsPRITotal (±SD)p-value
18-345753 €17 €21 €139 €625 €229 €1085 € (± 1674)0.002
35-446359 €14 €70 €206 €902 €287 €1537 € (± 1772)
45-5419659 €12 €31 €200 €948 €260 €1510 € (± 1711)
55-6415564 €10 €20 €163 €1094 €253 €1602 € (± 1641)
>647761 €11 €13 €84 €1008 €242 €1417 € (± 1649)
DiagnosisN.Specialist visitsDiagnostic testsED + HospitalizationsAcute medicationsPreventive medicationsPRITotal (±SD)p-value
CM35970 €8 €40 €191 €1451 €277 €2037 € (± 924)0.001
EM18941 €19 €6 €123 €24 €215 €427 € (± 436)
Total54860 €12 €29 €168 €959 €255 €1482(± 1705) 
  1. CM chronic migraine, DH day hospital, ED emergency department, EM episodic migraine, PRI private cost.
  2. Costs are calculated in 2019 Euros.
  3. The private contribution for specialist visits, diagnostic tests and medications is calculated separately.