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Table 3 Final diagnosis at discharge

From: Headaches in the emergency department –a survey of patients’ characteristics, facts and needs

Type of headache All Hospitals
n = 415 (%)
Linz
n = 231(%)
Milan
n = 184(%)
X2 p-value
Primary Headache
 Unknown cause
  („not better specified“) 133 (32.0) 92 (42.4) 41 (22.2) 14.47 <.001
  Migraine 110 (26.5) 59 (25,5) 61 (33,2) 2.886 .102
  TTH 68 (16.4) 44 (19.0) 24 (13.0) 2.695 .110
  TTH + migraine 10 (2.4) 10 (2.4) 0 (0) 8.162 .003
  TACs 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)   
Secondary Headache
 Sinusitis 18 (14.3) 15 (6.5) 3 (1.6) 5.838 .016
 Hypertension 33 (7.95) 12 (5.2) 21 (11.4) 5.410 .027
 SAH 5 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 4 (2.2) 2.608 .176
 Meningitis or encephalitis 1 (2.4) 0 (0) 1 (0.3) 1.258 .443
Neuralgia
 Trigeminal neuralgia 4 (0.96) 2 (0.9) 2 (1.1) .052 1
  1. TTH Tension-type headache, TACs Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, SAH Subarachnoid haemorrhage
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