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Table 1 Demographics and patients characteristics

From: Headaches in the emergency department –a survey of patients’ characteristics, facts and needs

  Both hospitals
n = 415 (%)
Linz, Austria
n = 231 (%)
Milan, Italy
n = 184 (%)
p-value
Age (y), M, SD, 43.32 ± 17.72 42.37 ± 17.74 51.26 ± 16.46 <.001
(range) (15–96) (15–96) (15–85)  
Female 268 (65.0) 141 (39.0) 126 (68.5) .000
Male 147 (35.0) 90 (61.0) 58 (31.5) .000
Mean time since onset (in hours)   20.71 ± 88.31 (range 0–1095 h) 175.56 ± 476.72 (range 0.33–4120 h) .000
Neurological Exam 301 (72.5) 197 (85.3) 104 (56.5) .000
Technical investigation
 Head CT 221 (53.2) 109 (47.2) 112 (60.96) .007
 Brain MRI 7 (1.7) 4 (1.7) 3 (1.6) .445
 Angio-CT 12 (2.9) 4 (1.7) 8 (4.3) .144
 Lumbar puncture 5 (1.2) 2 (0.9) 3 (1.6) .659
 Facial TC Scan 6 (1.4) 0 (0) 6 (1.6)  
 EEG 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.3)  
 Cervical RX 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.3)  
Other examination
 Blood test 333 (80.0) 163 (58.2) 170 (46.1)  
 ECG 225 (54.0) 42 (15.0) 183 (49.7)  
 ENT examination 5 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 0 (0)  
Ophthalmological examination 4 (1.0) 4 (1.2) 0 (0)  
  1. ECG Electrocardiogram, ENT Ear-Nose-Throat, CT Computer Tomography, MRI Magnet
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