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Table 4 Logistic regression analyses of sociodemographic associations with headache type

From: Prevalence and burden of headache in children and adolescents in Austria – a nationwide study in a representative sample of pupils aged 10–18 years

 b (SE)95% CI for Odds Ratio
LowerORUpper
UdH vs no UdH (Nagelkerke R2 = .018; Model Chi2 = 37.79; p < 0.001)
 Intercept−1.08 (0.15)***   
 Female gender (ref male)0.05 (0.08)0.91.11.2
 School grade (ref 5th grade)
  7th grade0.17 (0.13)0.91.21.5
  9th grade−0.22 (0.13)0.60.81.0
  11th grade−0.26 (0.14)0.60.81.0
 Socioeconomic status (ref high)
  Medium0.12 (0.11)0.91.11.4
  Low0.26 (0.13)*1.01.31.7
 Family constellation (ref both parents)
  Single parent−0.24 (0.12)*0.60.81.0
  Patchwork−0.33 (0.16)*0.50.71.0
 Urban place of residence (ref rural)−0.05 (0.09)0.81.01.1
 Migration background (ref no)0.21 (0.10)*1.01.21.5
Migraine vs no migraine (Nagelkerke R2 = .031; Model Chi2 = 63.69; p < 0.001)
 Intercept−1.87 (0.16)***   
 Female gender (ref male)0.39 (0.09)***1.21.51.8
 School grade (ref 5th grade)
  7th grade0.32 (0.15)*1.01.41.8
  9th grade0.49 (0.15)**1.21.62.2
  11th grade0.52 (0.15)***1.31.72.2
 Socioeconomic status (ref high)
  Medium−0.07 (0.11)0.80.91.1
  Low−0.11 (0.13)0.70.91.2
 Family constellation (ref both parents)
  Single parent0.41 (0.11)***1.21.51.9
  Patchwork0.40 (0.14)**1.11.52.0
 Urban place of residence (ref rural)0.12 (0.09)0.91.11.3
 Migration background (ref no)0.01 (0.10)0.81.01.2
TTH vs no TTH (Nagelkerke R2 = .023; Model Chi2 = 45.50; p < 0.001)
 Intercept−1.56 (0.17)***   
 Female gender (ref male)0.12 (0.10)0.91.11.4
 School grade (ref 5th grade)
  7th grade0.37 (0.16)*1.11.42.0
  9th grade0.43 (0.16)**1.11.52.1
  11th grade0.73 (0.16)***1.52.12.8
 Socioeconomic status (ref high)
  Medium−0.11 (0.11)0.70.91.1
  Low−0.16 (0.14)0.70.91.1
 Family constellation (ref both parents)
  Single parent−0.02 (0.12)0.81.01.3
  Patchwork0.02 (0.16)0.81.01.4
 Urban place of residence (ref rural)−0.12 (0.09)0.70.91.1
 Migration background (ref no)−0.34 (0.11)**0.60.70.9
H15+ vs. no H15+ (Nagelkerke R2 = .037; Model Chi2 = 26.59; p = 0.003)
 Intercept−3.97 (0.41)***   
 Female gender (ref male)0.86 (0.25)**1.42.43.8
 School grade (ref 5th grade)
  7th grade−0.29 (0.38)0.40.71.6
  9th grade0.23 (0.34)0.71.32.5
  11th grade−0.19 (0.37)0.40.81.7
 Socioeconomic status (ref high)
  Medium−0.13 (0.26)0.50.91.5
  Low−0.52 (0.35)0.30.61.2
 Family constellation (ref both parents)
  Single parent0.40 (0.28)0.91.52.6
  Patchwork0.60 (0.32)1.01.83.4
 Urban place of residence (ref rural)0.01 (0.22)0.71.01.6
 Migration background (ref no)−0.24 (0.27)0.50.81.4
  1. UdH Undifferentiated headache, TTH Tension-type headache, H15+ Headache on ≥15 days/month; p < 0.001, * p < 0.05, **.p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
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