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Table 2 Prevalence (% [95% confidence interval]) of headache type (N = 3386) by gender and school grade

From: Prevalence and burden of headache in children and adolescents in Austria – a nationwide study in a representative sample of pupils aged 10–18 years

Headache typeTotal sampleGirlsBoys
Total5th grade7th grade9th grade11th gradeTotal5th grade7th grade9th grade11th grade
UdH26.1 [24.6;27.6]26.5 [24.5;28.5]32.8 [26.8;38.8]31.5 [27.1;35.9]23.7 [20.4;27.0]23.3 [19.8;26.8]25.5 [23.3;27.7]23.8 [18.6;29.0]31.2 [26.8;35.6]22.4 [18.5;26.3]23.7 [19.4;28.0]
All migraine24.2 [22.8;25.6]28.1 [26.1;30.1]18.1 [13.2;23.0]23.1 [19.1;27.1]31.4 [27.8;35.0]32.5 [28.6;36.4]19.5 [17.5;21.5]17.2 [12.6;21.8]21.2 [17.3;25.1]18.8 [15.2;22.4]19.9 [15.8;24.0]
 Definite migraine6.3 [5.5;7.1]6.9 [5.8;8.0]10.1 [6.3;13.9]5.3 [3.2;7.4]5.3 [3.6;7.0]8.7 [6.4;11.0]5.5 [4.3;6.7]10.9 [7.1;14.7]4.7 [2.7;6.7]4.1 [2.7;6.7]4.3 [2.2;6.4]
 Probable migraine18.0 [16.7;19.3]21.2 [19.3;23.1]8.0 [4.5;11.5]17.8 [14.2;21.4]26.1 [22.7;29.5]23.8 [20.3;27.3]14.0 [12.2;15.8]6.3 [3.3;9.3]16.5 [13.0;20.0]14.7 [11.4;18.0]15.6 [11.9;19.3]
All TTH21.6 [20.2;23.0]22.4 [20.5;24.3]14.3 [9.8;18.8]23.1 [19.1;27.1]22.0 [18.8;25.2]25.6 [22.0;29.2]20.7 [18.6;22.8]15.6 [11.6;20.1]18.1 [14.5;21.7]20.4 [16.6;24.2]27.4 [22.9;31.9]
 Definite TTH15.1 [13.9;16.3]15.2 [13.6;16.8]8.4 [4.9;11.9]14.4 [11.1;17.7]15.0 [12.2;17.8]19.0 [15.8;22.2]14.9 [13.1;16.7]12.9 [8.8;17.0]13.7 [10.4;17.0]13.1 [10.0;16.2]19.9 [15.8;24.0]
 Probable TTH6.5 [5.7;7.3]7.2 [6.0;8.4]5.9 [2.9;8.9]8.8 [6.1;11.5]7.0 [5.0;9.0]6.6 [4.5;8.7]5.7 [4.5;6.9]2.7 [0.7;4.7]4.4 [2.5;6.3]7.2 [4.8;9.6]7.5 [4.8;10.2]
All H15+3.0 [2.4;3.6]4.1 [3.2;5.0]4.2 [1.6;6.8]3.0 [1.4;4.6]5.5 [3.7;7.3]3.2 [1.7;4.7]1.7 [1.0;2.4]0.8 [0.0;1.9]1.4 [0.3;2.5]2.3 [0.9;3.7]1.9 [0.5;3.3]
 pMOH0.9 [0.6;1.2]1.0 [0.5;1.5]0.4 [0.0;1.2]0.5 [0.0;1.2]1.2 [0.4;2.0]1.4 [0.4;2.4]0.9 [0.4;1.4]0.8 [0.0;1.9]0.5 [0.0;1.2]1.4 [0.3;2.5]0.8 [0.0;1.7]
 Other H15+2.0 [1.5;2.5]3.0 [2.2;3.8]3.8 [1.4;6.2]2.5 [1.0;4.0]4.2 [2.6;5.8]1.8 [0.7;2.9]0.8 [0.3;1.3]0.00.9 [0.0;1.8]0.9 [0.0;1.8]1.1 [0.0;2.2]
Unclassifiable0.7 [0.4;1.0]1.0 [0.5;1.5]1.3 [0.0;2.7]1.6 [0.4;2.8]0.8 [0.1;1.5]0.7 [0.0;1.4]0.4 [0.1;0.7]0.4 [0.0;1.2]0.5 [0.0;1.2]0.5 [0.0;1.2]0.3 [0.0;0.9]
  1. UdH Undifferentiated headache, TTH Tension-type headache, H15+ Headache on ≥15 days/month, pMOH Probable medication-overuse headache (see text)
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