Skip to main content

Table 1 Headache prevalence by sociodemographic characteristics in the sample

From: Prevalence and burden of headache in children and adolescents in Austria – a nationwide study in a representative sample of pupils aged 10–18 years

 n (%)Headache (any type) during the preceding year (%)
YesNop
Total3386 (100%)75.7%24.3% 
Gender
 Girls1874 (55.4%)82.1%17.9%Chi2 = 93.9, p < 0.001
 Boys1500 (44.5%)67.7%32.3%
 Missing12  
School grade
 5th grade496 (14.6%)63.9%36.1%Chi2 = 49.9, p < 0.001
 7th grade865 (25.5%)77.3%22.7%
 9th grade1087 (32.1%)75.6%24.4%
 11th grade938 (27.7%)80.4%19.6%
Socioeconomic statusa
 Low766 (23.4%)76.2%23.8%Chi2 = 0.4, p = 0.808
 Medium1750 (53.5%)76.1%23.9%
 High756 (23.1%)75.0%25.0%
 Missing114  
Family constellation
 Both biological parents2437 (74.3%)74.8%25.2%Chi2 = 7.2, p = 0.027
 Single parent547 (16.7%)78.8%21.2%
 Patchwork295 (9.0%)79.7%20.3%
 Missing107  
Place of residencea
 Urban1955 (58.5%)75.9%24.1%Chi2 = 0.4, p = 0.524
 Rural1385 (41.5%)74.9%25.1%
 Missing46  
Migration backgrounda
 No2470 (74.3%)76.4%23.6%Chi2 = 2.9, p = 0.088
 Yes855 (25.7%)73.5%26.5%
 Missing61  
  1. aSee text for explanations
\