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Table 3 Comparison of clinical characteristics between migraineurs with and without hypoechogenicity of BR

From: Hypoechogenicity of brainstem raphe correlates with depression in migraine patients

  Normal BR
(N = 32)
Hypoechogenic BR
(N = 10)
P value
Gender (F:M) 22:10 4:6 0.102#
Age, year 33.5 ± 8.7 (24–50) 35.8 ± 10.7 (26–55) 0.494*
Attack frequency 1.0 (1.0–2.8) 2.0 (1.0–11.3) 0.212^
Disease duration 7.8 ± 8.0 (0.5–20) 8.5 ± 6.8 (6–20) 0.791*
HAM-D score 6.1 ± 4.6 (0–14) 18.6 ± 4.6 (11–24) 0.000*
HADS-D score 4.6 ± 2.7 (0–11) 12.6 ± 3.8 (7–18) 0.000*
  1. Values are given as mean ± standard deviation (minimum-maximum). Attack frequency values are given as migraine headache attack times per month (median, IQR). # chi-square test, * t-test, ^ Mann-Whitney U test
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