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Table 2 Comparison of TCS findings between migraineurs and controls

From: Hypoechogenicity of brainstem raphe correlates with depression in migraine patients

Brain structure Migraine (N = 42) Control group (N = 40) P value
Width of frontal horn of LV (mm) 4.62 ± 0.98 4.63 ± 1.30 0.955*
Width of TV (mm) 4.13 ± 1.26 3.77 ± 0.81 0.129*
Area of SN (cm2) 0.16 ± 0.03 0.15 ± 0.04 0.308*
 Normal 38 36 0.942#
 Hyperechogenic 4 4  
Echogenicity of BR    0.677#
 Normal 32 32  
 Hypoechogenic 10 8  
Echogenicity of CN    0.053#
 Normal 28 34  
 Hyperechogenic 14 6  
Echogenicity of LN    0.052#
 Normal 34 38  
 Hyperechogenic 8 2  
  1. Values are given as mean ± standard deviation or exact number. # chi-square test, * t-test. LV lateral ventricle, TV Third ventricle, SN Substantia Nigra, BR brain raphe, CN Caudate nucleus, LN Lentiform nucleus
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