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Table 4 YLD count, All-age YLD rates, and Age-standardised rates in 2016, and percentage change of YLD count, All-age YLD rates, and Age-standardised rates between 1990 and 2016 for TTH in EMR countries

From: The burden of headache disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2016: findings from the Global Burden of Disease study 2016

Country All-age counts Age-standardised rates (per 100,000) SDI
2016 Percentage change between 1990 and 2016 2016 Percentage change between 1990 and 2016 Observed to expected ratio F/M ratio
Low-income Countries
 Somalia 7156 (4481-10831) 67.4 (58.5 to 77.6) 85 (54-128) -1.3 (-6.1 to 4.2) 0.89 1.32 0.27
 Afghanistan 35909 (22613-53732) 201.6 (186.6 to 218.1) 135 (85-200) 1.5 (-3.1 to 6.5) 1.4 1.39 0.28
 Djibouti 706 (447-1058) 76.4 (64 to 90) 84 (53-125) -3.2 (-8.5 to 3.1) 0.85 1.33 0.42
 Yemen 31337 (19858-47513) 183.3 (165.5 to 205.2) 138 (88-207) 2.5 (-2.9 to 9.2) 1.39 1.4 0.45
Middle-income Countries
 Palestine 5548 (3486-8251) 164.6 (150.6 to 180.8) 139 (88-207) 1 (-3.6 to 6) 1.4 1.41 0.45
 Iraq 42924 (27365-64414) 139.6 (126.8 to 154.5) 138 (88-206) 1.7 (-3.1 to 7.1) 1.39 1.42 0.47
 Sudan 47952 (30469-71699) 129.9 (117.1 to 144.8) 140 (88-209) 3 (-2.1 to 9) 1.39 1.41 0.52
 Pakistan 197112 (122210-292966) 98.4 (86.4 to 112.1) 114 (71-168) -0.7 (-5.9 to 5.4) 1.13 1.28 0.52
 Morocco 49517 (31448-73822) 73.3 (61.1 to 87.9) 142 (91-213) 3.3 (-2.3 to 9.4) 1.38 1.41 0.62
 Syria 23274 (14638-34911) 82.9 (69.2 to 97.9) 142 (89-212) 3.5 (-2.3 to 9.9) 1.37 1.42 0.64
 Egypt 121944 (77062-181851) 90.2 (79.4 to 102) 142 (91-211) 3 (-2.2 to 8.9) 1.36 1.42 0.65
 Jordan 9934 (6276-14876) 191.3 (170.6 to 215.2) 142 (91-212) 3.7 (-1.6 to 9.6) 1.35 1.41 0.69
 Tunisia 17148 (10721-25799) 73.1 (59.7 to 87.1) 144 (90-216) 3.3 (-2.3 to 9.4) 1.37 1.42 0.70
 Iran 128660 (82720-188190) 104.2 (87.8 to 122.8) 152 (98-222) 4.1 (-1.8 to 11) 1.42 1.41 0.77
 Libya 9053 (5661-13629) 84 (69.9 to 99.5) 144 (92-214) 4.4 (-0.9 to 10.8) 1.35 1.43 0.81
 Lebanon 8862 (5586-13274) 160.8 (145.8 to 178.3) 144 (91-216) 2.8 (-2.3 to 8.7) 1.35 1.43 0.81
High-income Countries
 Oman 6862 (4261-10363) 259.7 (224.5 to 298.3) 135 (85-201) 0.9 (-6.7 to 9.2) 1.27 1.42 0.72
 Bahrain 2112 (1327-3201) 234.2 (212.4 to 259.2) 136 (87-205) 1.4 (-4.1 to 6.8) 1.29 1.42 0.74
 United Arab Emirates 15103 (9215-23288) 542.9 (493.5 to 600.3) 132 (82-198) 0.5 (-5.2 to 6.8) 1.24 1.42 0.77
 Qatar 3540 (2191-5423) 464 (423.6 to 505.7) 130 (82-194) 2.1 (-3.5 to 8.2) 1.22 1.45 0.79
 Saudi Arabia 44858 (28544-65886) 160.2 (140.2 to 180) 137 (88-199) 5.3 (-0.3 to 10.5) 1.28 1.39 0.80
 Kuwait 6281 (3929-9644) 138.3 (121.4 to 157.8) 141 (89-213) 2.6 (-2.9 to 8.9) 1.32 1.42 0.83
EMR and global
 EMR 815789 (516411-1221998) 112.8a 134 (85-198) 2.5a 1.29 1.38 N/A
 Global 7195122 (4614628-10499903) 53.2 (47.5 to 58.4) 96 (62-140) -0.2 (-2.5 to 1.9) 0.91 1.48 0.70
  1. YLD years lived with disability, TTH tension-type headache, EMR eastern Mediterranean region
  2. a Uncertainty interval is not available