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Table 2 Healthcare resource utilization in the past 6 months among people with migraine and its subgroups vs propensity score matched non-migraine controls across EU5

From: Patients’ perspective on the burden of migraine in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis of survey data in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

HRU Migraine (n = 218) Non-migraine controls(n = 218) 4–7 EM (n = 106) 8–14 EM(N =  49) CM(N = 63)
Number of any HCP visits [mean ± SD] 8.48 ± 10.89*** 5.13 ± 6.86 7.25 ± 7.29 7.06 ± 7.64 11.65 ± 16.30
Number of general/ family practitioner visits [mean ± SD] 3.08 ± 3.39*** 1.67 ± 1.93 3.05 ± 3.38* 2.94 ± 3.42 3.24 ± 3.43*
Number of neurologist visits [mean ± SD] 0.19 ± 0.54*** 0.05 ± 0.29 0.20 ± 0.59*** 0.16 ± 0.51* 0.19 ± 0.47***
Number of psychiatrist visits [mean ± SD] 0.85 ± 4.48*** 0.15 ± 0.86 0.36 ± 1.22** 0.41 ± 1.58* 2.02 ± 7.98***
Number of ED visits [mean ± SD] 0.46 ± 1.20* 0.21 ± 0.79 0.27 ± 1.06 0.61 ± 1.24** 0.67 ± 1.33**
Number of hospitalizations [mean ± SD] 0.18 ± 0.54 0.11 ± 0.53 0.12 ± 0.38 0.16 ± 0.43 0.30 ± 0.78*
Visited any HCP [n, %] 204 (93.58%) 193 (88.53%) 100 (94.3%) 44 (89.8%) 60 (95.2%)
Visited general /family practitioner [n, %] 168 (77.06%)* 147 (67.43%) 83 (78.3%)* 34 (69.4%) 51 (81.0%)*
Visited neurologist [n, %] 30 (13.76%)*** 8 (3.67%) 14 (13.2%)*** 6 (12.2%)* 10 (15.9%)***
Visited psychiatrist [n, %] 29 (13.30%)*** 7 (3.21%) 11 (10.4%)** 5 (10.2%)* 13 (20.6%)***
ED visits [n, %] 45 (20.64%)* 27 (12.39%) 12 (11.3%) 15 (30.6%)** 18 (28.6%)**
Hospitalization [n, %] 28 (12.84%) 16 (7.34%) 11 (10.4%) 7 (14.3%) 10 (15.9%)*
  1. Note: Chi-square tests were used to analyze categorical variables, whereas Mann-Whitney tests were used to analyze continuous variables
  2. p -values for non-migraine controls vs any other group: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, *** p ≤ 0.001
  3. CM, chronic migraine; ED, emergency department; EM, episodic migraine; HCP, healthcare provider i.e. any physician; HRU, healthcare resource utilization; SD, standard deviation