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Table 1 Demographic characteristics for respondents diagnosed with migraine and pre-matched and post-matched non-migraine controls

From: Patients’ perspective on the burden of migraine in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis of survey data in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

  Diagnosed with migraine,
N = 218
Pre-matched non-migraine controls,
N = 64,260
Post-matched non-migraine controls,
N = 218
Gender, n (%) Male 45 (20.64) 31,275 (48.7)*** 44 (20.18)
Female 173 (79.36) 32,985 (51.3) 174 (79.82)
Country, n (%) France 39 (17.89) 15,524 (24.2) 39 (17.89)
Germany 59 (27.06) 16,635 (25.9) 59 (27.06)
United Kingdom 67 (30.73) 15,616 (24.3) 67 (30.73)
Italy 31 (14.22) 8868 (13.8) 31 (14.22)
Spain 22 (10.09) 7617 (11.9) 22 (10.09)
Marital status, n (%) Married or living with partner 131 (60.09) 39,943 (62.2) 131 (60.09)
Household income, n (%) Low 63 (28.90) 16,219 (25.2) 57 (26.15)
Medium 100 (45.87) 28,743 (44.7) 108 (49.54)
High 36 (16.51) 12,462 (19.4) 38 (17.43)
Decline to answer 19 (8.72) 6836 (10.6) 15 (6.88)
Level of education, n (%) Completed university education 87 (39.91) 22,958 (35.7) 90 (41.28)
Employment status, n (%) Yes 136 (62.39) 34,640 (53.9)* 131 (60.09)
No 82 (37.61) 29,620 (46.1) 87 (39.91)
BMI, n (%) Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2) 4 (1.83) 1947 (3.0) 4 (1.83)
Normal weight (18.5 to < 25.0 kg/m2) 87 (39.91) 26,935 (41.9) 83 (38.07)
Overweight (25 to < 30.0 kg/m2) 66 (30.28) 21,002 (32.7) 75 (34.40)
Obese (30.0 kg/m2 and above) 48 (22.02) 11,135 (17.3) 48 (22.02)
Decline to answer 13 (5.96) 3241 (5.0) 8 (3.67)
Smoking status, n (%) Current 66 (30.28) 14,886 (23.2)* 67 (30.73)
Former 66 (30.28) 20,420 (31.8) 70 (32.11)
Never 86 (39.45) 28,954 (45.1) 81 (37.16)
Use of alcohol, n (%) Yes 153 (70.18) 49,749 (77.4) * 148 (67.89)
No 65 (29.82) 14,511 (22.6) 70 (32.11)
Vigorous exercise in past 30 days, n (%) Yes 126 (57.80) 40,342 (62.8) 121 (55.50)
No 92 (42.20) 23,918 (37.2) 97 (44.50)
Age [mean ± SD] Years 43.25 ± 13.48 16.57 ± 49.79*** 44.73 ± 16.09
CCI [mean ± SD] 0.53 ± 1.04 0.82 ± 0.33*** 0.44 ± 1.01
  1. Note: Chi-square tests were used for categorical variables, whereas t-tests were used for continuous variables
  2. p -values for pre-matched non-migraine controls vs migraine group: *p < 0.05, *** p ≤ 0.001
  3. BMI, Body mass index; CCI: Charlson Comorbidity Index; SD, standard deviation