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Table 1 Characteristics of migraine patients and healthy controls

From: Aggression and its association with suicidality in migraine patients: a case-control study

Characteristics Mean ± SD (range) or number (%) P value*
Migraine patients Healthy controls
(n = 144) (n = 144)
Age, years 37.5 ± 13.2 (20–64) 38.2 ± 12.0 (20–64) 0.642
Gender, female 117 (81.3) 115 (79.9) 0.882
Education, years 13.8 ± 2.5 (6–18) 14.1 ± 2.3 (6–18) 0.242
Employment, yes 63 (43.8) 74 (51.4) 0.238
Household income, 108 (75.0) 114 (79.2) 0.483
≥3 million KRW/month
BMI 22.4 ± 3.4 (15–35) 22.5 ± 3.1 (15–33) 0.698
Age at onset, years 27.5 ± 11.2 (10–58)   
Disease duration, years 10.0 ± 8.5 (0.3–42)   
Type of migraine
 Migraine with aura 15 (10.4)   
 Migraine without aura 129 (89.6)   
Migraine chronicity
 EM 88 (61.1)   
 CM 56 (38.9)   
Family history of migraine 89 (61.8)   
MOH 11 (7.6)   
VAS 7.5 ± 2.3 (0–10)   
Associated symptoms
 Nausea/vomiting 121 (84.0)   
 Photophobia 69 (47.9)   
 Phonophobia 82 (56.9)   
 Osmophobia 73 (50.7)   
 Allodynia 29 (20.1)   
MIDAS, days 23.4 ± 26.3 (0–120)   
PHQ-9 6.0 ± 4.9 (0–24)   
GAD-7 4.6 ± 4.5 (0–21)   
ESS 5.6 ± 4.0 (0–20)   
ISI 8.1 ± 6.0 (0–26)   
MINI, suicidality 35 (24.3)   
  1. KRW Korean Won, BMI Body Mass Index, EM episodic migraine, CM chronic migraine, MOH medication overuse headache, VAS visual analog scale, MIDAS Migraine Disability Assessment Scale, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale, ISI Insomnia Severity Index, MINI Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview—Plus Version 5.0.0
  2. *Student’s t-test or chi-squared test was applied
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