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Table 3 (abstract P116). Clinical characteristics of patients with NDPH in various published studies.

From: 12th European Headache Federation Congress jointly with 32nd National Congress of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches

Study Vanst
1986
Rozen
2002
Takase
2004
Meineri
2004
Kung
2008
Robins
2010
Peng
2011
Prakash
2012
Uniyal
2017
Definition criteria   S-L ICHD-2 ICHD-2 M-ICHD2 M-ICHD2 M-ICHD2 M-ICHD2 ICHD3β
Number of NDPH cases 45 56 30 18 53 71 92 63 55
Mean age   F:3rd decade
M:5th decade
35 F:3rd decade
M:4th decade
14.2
(study of pediatrics)
  5th decade 36.8 28.24
Female:male 1.4:1 2.5:1 0.8:1 1.6:1 1.7:1   1.3:1 1.3:1 0.8:1
Recalling time of onset -   -       
Exact date:   80%   100% - 42% - 33% 20%
Month: 83 % 80%
Past history of prior headache none 38% 7% 33% - 25.4% 32% 54% 38.2%
Past history of episodic tension-type headache none 19% - - - 18.3% 20% 29% 29.1%
Past history of episodic migraine headache none 2% - - - 7% 12% 25% 9.1%
Location of headache -     -     
Bilateral:   64% 86% 100%   88.7% 46.7% 83% 81.5%
Pain characteristics      -     
Throbbing 28% 55% 27% 61%   45.1% 41% 51% 41.8%
Pressing/tightening 72% 54% 90% 100% 100% 56.4%
Pain severity          
Mild:   18% - 28%   16.9%   - Mean Headache Score:7.5
Mod:   61%   72%   57.7% 87%
Severe:   21%   0 10.8 d/m 23.9%
Aggregation by physical activity - - - - - 46.5% 57% 27% 16.4%
Associated features:
 Nausea: 55% 68% 33% 50% 39% 47.9% 35% 49% 56.4%
 Vomiting: 12% 23% - - - 12.7% 7% 5% 20%
 Photophobia: 34% 66% 3% 27% 69% 45.1% 48% 33% 45.5%
 Phonophobia: 37% 61% - 17% 63% 40.8% 58% 19% -
 Autonomic features: - 23% - - - 21% - 14% -
Psychiatric comorbidity: - - - - - (self-reported)   (Self-reported)  
 Depression:       35.2%   19% 89.1%
 Anxiety: 33.8% 60.8% 16% 92.7%
Family history of headache - 29% - 33%   49% 47.5% -