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Table 3 One-year prevalencea of primary headache disorders in patients with TIA (n = 120) and in controls (n = 192) according ICHD 3

From: Headache in transient ischemic attacks

Type of headaches Males with TIA (n = 55) Male controls (n = 69) Р, ОR (95% CI) Females with TIA (n = 65) Female controls (n = 123) Р, ОR (95% CI) All patients with TIA (n = 120) All controls (n = 192) Р, ОR (95% CI)
Migraine without aura 3 (5.5%)b 1 (1.4%) 0.5 22 (33.8%) 14 (11.4%) < 0.001, 4.0; 1.9–8.5 25 (20.8%) 15 (7.8%) 0.002, 3.1; 1.6–6.2
Migraine with aura 0 0 1 (1.5%) 1 (0.8%) 0.8 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.52%) 0.7
Chronic migraine 0 0 1 (1.5%) 1 (0.8%) 0.8 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.52%) 0.7
Episodic TTHc 40 (72.7%) 48 (69%) 0.9 46 (70.8%) 84 (68.3%) 0.9 86 (71.7%) 132 (68.7%) 0.6
Chronic TTH 0 0 4 (6.2%) 3 (2.4%) 0.4 4 (3.3%) 3 (1.6%) 0.5
Cluster headache 1 (1.8%) 0 0.9 0 1 (0.81%) 0.7 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.52%) 0.7
Medication overuse headache (analgesics) 0 0 2 (3.1%) 0 0.2 2 (1.7%) 0 0.3
Absence of headache 11 (20%) 20 (29%) 0.3 9 (13.8%) 14 (11.4%) 0.8 20 (16.6%) 34 (17.7%) 0.9
  1. aPrevalence of primary headache disorders in patients with TIA were calculated during last year excepting the last week before TIA
  2. bPercentages in this table were calculated using number of patients with TIA and controls (males, females, all) indicated in upper row of the table
  3. cTTH – tension type of headache