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Table 1 Sociodemographics of Survey Respondents with Migraine According to Medication Overusea

From: Factors associated with acute medication overuse in people with migraine: results from the 2017 migraine in America symptoms and treatment (MAST) study

  Not Overusing Medication n = 11,542 Overusing Medication n = 2107 Total Sample n = 13,649 Chi P-value
Sex
 Men 3074 (26.6) 621 (29.5) 3695 (27.1) 7.136 0.008
 Women 8468 (73.4) 1486 (70.5) 9954 (72.9)   
Ageb, years (mean ± SD) 43.0 ± 13.6 45.8 ± 13.2 43.41 ± 13.62 8.891 < 0.001
Age group, years
 18–24 899 (7.8) 80 (3.8) 979 (7.2) 96.346 < 0.001
 25–34 2831 (24.5) 409 (19.4) 3240 (23.7)   
 35–44 2775 (24.0) 518 (24.6) 3293 (24.1)   
 45–54 2566 (22.2) 546 (25.9) 3112 (22.8)   
 55–64 1572 (13.6) 348 (16.5) 1920 (14.1)   
 65–74 815 (7.1) 184 (8.7) 999 (7.3)   
 75+ 84 (0.7) 22 (1.0) 106 (0.8)   
Married
 No 5261 (45.7) 867 (41.4) 6128 (45.1) 13.436 < 0.001
 Yes 6245 (54.3) 1229 (58.6) 7474 (54.9)   
Race
 Non-Caucasian 2091 (18.2) 361 (17.2) 2452 (18.1) 1.166 0.280
 Caucasian 9379 (81.8) 1736 (82.8) 11,115 (81.9)   
Household income, $
  < 25,000 1254 (11.2) 292 (14.2) 1546 (11.6) 17.025 0.002
 25,000–49,999 2422 (21.6) 444 (21.6) 2866 (21.6)   
 50,000–74,999 2493 (22.2) 437 (21.3) 2930 (22.1)   
 75,000–99,999 1986 (17.7) 363 (17.7) 2349 (17.7)   
  ≥ 100,000 3070 (27.3) 516 (25.1) 3586 (27.0)   
Education, ≥4-year college degree
 No 4612 (40.0) 1018 (48.3) 5630 (41.2) 51.000 < 0.001
 Yes 6930 (60.0) 1089 (51.7) 8019 (58.8)   
BMIb, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 28.1 ± 7.4 28.9 ± 8.5 28.3 ± 7.6 4.380 < 0.001
BMI category
 Underweight 329 (2.9) 94 (4.5) 423 (3.1) 44.240 < 0.001
 Normal 4154 (36.0) 645 (30.6) 4799 (35.2)   
 Overweight 3387 (29.3) 588 (27.9) 3975 (29.1)   
 Obese 3672 (31.8) 780 (37.0) 4452 (32.6)   
Health insurance
 No 945 (8.2) 184 (8.7) 1129 (8.3) 0.628 0.428
 Yes 10,597 (91.8) 1923 (91.3) 12,520 (91.7)   
Psychological symptomsc
 No 9210 (79.8) 1275 (60.5) 10,485 (76.8) 370.957 < 0.001
 Yes 2332 (20.2) 832 (39.5) 3164 (23.2)   
Current smoker
 No 10,387 (90.0) 1718 (81.5) 12,105 (88.7) 126.127 < 0.001
 Yes 1155 (10.0) 389 (18.5) 1544 (11.3)   
  1. SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index
  2. aValues are n (%) unless otherwise indicated
  3. bDetermined by t test
  4. cAnxiety and/or depression, as determined by the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4)
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