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Table 10 Studies of SPG blocks for postdural puncture headache

From: Sphenopalatine ganglion: block, radiofrequency ablation and neurostimulation - a systematic review

Postdural puncture headache
Author Year Medical problems Approach Imaging Medication Number of cases Study design Outcome
Cohen et al. [60] 2014 Postdural puncture headache Cotton-tip applicator None 5% lidocaine 32 Case series 69% of the patients were saved from epidural blood patch
Kent et al. [4] 2015 Postdural puncture headache Cotton-tip applicator None 2% lidocaine 3 Case series 1 patient had relief, 2 had to get epidural blood patch.
Cardoso et al. [61] 2017 Postdural puncture headache Cotton-tip applicator None 0.5% Levobupivacaine 1 Case report Symptoms relieved by 5 min.
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