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Table 3 Association between migraine and PTSD a during pregnancy (N = 2922) stratified by depression status

From: Migraine and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder among a cohort of pregnant women

Migraine
Without Depression
No PTSD
(N = 1587)
PTSD
(N = 507)
n % n % Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) b
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) c
No migraine 1191 75.0 297 58.6 Reference Reference Reference
Any migraine 396 25.0 210 41.4 2.13 (1.72–2.62) 1.99 (1.61–2.46) 1.93 (1.55–2.40)
Types of migraine        
 No migraine 1191 75.0 297 58.6 Reference Reference Reference
 Probable migraine 286 18.0 129 25.4 1.81 (1.42–2.31) 1.67 (1.31–2.15) 1.62 (1.25–2.08)
 Migraine 110 6.9 81 16.0 2.95 (2.16–4.04) 2.81 (2.04–3.86) 2.76 (1.99–3.82)
Migraine
With Depression
No PTSD
(N = 224)
PTSD
(N = 575)
n % n % Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) b
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) c
No migraine 152 67.9 283 49.2 Reference Reference Reference
Any migraine 72 32.1 292 50.8 2.18 (1.57–3.01) 2.13 (1.53–2.96) 2.09 (1.49–2.92)
Types of migraine        
 No migraine 152 67.9 283 49.2 Reference Reference Reference
 Probable migraine 49 21.9 144 25.0 1.58 (1.08–2.31) 1.58 (1.07–2.32) 1.59 (1.07–2.35)
 Migraine 23 10.3 148 25.7 3.46 (2.14–5.59) 3.29 (2.03–5.34) 3.13 (1.91–5.11)
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. a PTSD is defined as PCL-C score ≥ 26
  3. b Adjusted for age, marital status, difficulty paying for the very basics, and difficulty paying for medical care
  4. c Adjusted for age, marital status, difficulty paying for the very basics, difficulty paying for medical care, and lifetime intimate partner violence