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Table 2 Association between migraine and PTSD a assessed by the PCL-C during pregnancy (N = 2922)

From: Migraine and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder among a cohort of pregnant women

Migraine Status No PTSD
(N = 1829)
PTSD
(N = 1093)
n % n % Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) b
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) c
Adjusted OR
(95% CI) d
No migraine 1358 74.2 585 53.5 Reference Reference Reference Reference
Any migraine 471 25.8 508 46.5 2.50 (2.14–2.93) 2.37 (2.02–2.79) 2.30 (1.95–2.71) 1.97 (1.64–2.37)
Types of migraine         
No migraine 1358 74.2 585 53.5 Reference Reference Reference Reference
Probable migraine 337 18.4 276 25.3 1.90 (1.58–2.29) 1.80 (1.49–2.18) 1.76 (1.45–2.14) 1.61 (1.30–1.99)
Migraine 134 7.3 232 21.2 4.02 (3.18–5.08) 3.81 (3.00–4.82) 3.65 (2.86–4.66) 2.85 (2.18–3.74)
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. a PTSD is defined as PCL-C score ≥ 26
  3. b Adjusted for age, marital status, difficulty paying for the very basics, and difficulty paying for medical care
  4. c Adjusted for age, marital status, difficulty paying for the very basics, difficulty paying for medical care, and lifetime intimate partner violence
  5. d Adjusted for age, marital status, difficulty paying for the very basics, difficulty paying for medical care, lifetime intimate partner violence, and depression status